Sunday, 14 June 2015

An under 18 child is not a subject of child labour

Child labor is not liked anywhere in the world. It is an offence in many countries around the world. However a confusion is that in many countries children under the age of 18 years are allowed to work. They do not fall under the subject of child labour because in such countries the legal age of children allowed to work is less than 18 years.

Pakistan is one of the countries in which a child above the age of 14 years can work. A child under the age of 14 years working for someone comes under the ambit of child labour but not the one working under the age of 18 years.

According to Article 11 (3) of the constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan forced labor is under the age of 14 years. The following article is reproduced below:-

11. Slavery, forced labour, etc. prohibited
(1)Slavery is non-existent and forbidden and no law shall permit or facilitate its introduction into Pakistan in any form.
(2)All forms of forced labour and traffic in human beings are prohibited.
(3)No child below the age of fourteen years shall be engaged in any factory or mine or any other hazardous employment.
(4)Nothing in this Article shall be deemed to affect compulsory service:-
(a)by any person undergoing punishment for an offence against any law; or
(b)required by any law for public purpose provided that no compulsory service shall be of a cruel nature or incompatible with human dignity.

For further queries related with child labor contact

Salman Yousaf Khan (Golra)
Child Rights Advocate

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If you have any queries related with this post you can contact at

Salman Yousaf Khan
International Lawyer