Wednesday, 8 April 2015

THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY OF ANIMALS ACT, 1890

(XI OF 1890)
CONTENTS
1. Title extent and commencement, and supersession of other enactments
2. Definitions
3. Penalty for cruelty to animals and for sale of animals killed with unnecessary cruelty
3A. Penalty for overloading animals
4. Penalty for practicing phooka
5. Penalty for killing animals with unnecessary cruelty anywhere
5A. Penalty for being in possession of the skin of a goat killed with un- necessary
cruelty
5B. Presumptions as to possession of the skin of a goat
6. Presumptions as to possession of the skin of a goat
6A. Interpretation
6B. Treatment and care of animals
6C. Penalty for baiting or inciting animals to fight
7. Penalty for permitting diseased animals to go at large or to die in public place
7A. Special power of search and seizure in respect of certain Offences
8. Search – warrants
9. Limitation for prosecution
10. Destruction of suffering animals
11. Saving with respect to religious rites and usages
12. Provision supplementary to section 1 with respect to extent of Act
13. Offence under section 4 to be cognizable
14. General power of seizure for examination
15. Power to make rules
16. Person authorized under section 14 to be public servants
17. Indemnity
TEXT
THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY OF ANIMALS ACT, 1890
(XI OF 1890)
[21st March, 1890]
An
Act
for the prevention of cruelty to animals
WHEREAS it is expedient to make further provision for the prevention of cruelty to animals:
It is hereby enacted as follows:-
1. Title extent and commencement, and supersession of other enactments.— (1) This
Act may be called the Prevention Cruelty to Animals, Act, 1890.
(2) This section extends to [the whole of Pakistan1] and Provincial Government may, by
notification in the Official Gazette, extend, on and from a date to be specified in the notification the
whole or any part of the rest of this Act, to any such local area as it thinks fit.
(3) When any part of this Act has been extended under subsection (2) to a local area,
the Provincial Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that the whole or any
part of any other enactment in force in the local area for the prevention of cruelty to animals shall,
except as regards anything done or any offence committed or any fine or penalty incurred or any
proceedings commenced, cease to have effect in the local area, and such whole or part shall
cease to have effect accordingly until the Provincial Government, by a like notification, otherwise
directs.
(4) The Provincial Government2 may cancel or vary a notification under sub-section (2)
or subsection (3).
2. Definitions.— In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or contest:-
(1) “animal” means any domestic or captured animal3
(2) “Street” includes any way, road, lane, square, court, alley, passage or open space,
whether a thoroughfare or not, to which the public have access.
(3) 4“Phooka or doom day” includes any process of introducing air or any substance into
the female organ of a milch animal with the object or drawing off from the animal any
secretion of milk.
53. Penalty for cruelty to animals and for sale of animals killed with unnecessary
cruelty.— If any person:-
(a) Overdrives, beats, or otherwise treats any animal so as to subject it to unnecessary pain or
suffering, or
(b) Binds, keeps, carries or consigns for carriage any animal is such manner or position as to
subject it to unnecessary pain or suffering or
(c) Offers for sale or without reasonable cause has in his possession any live animal which is
suffering paid by reason of mutilation, starvation, thirst, over-crowding or other ill treatment,
or
(d) Offers for sale any dead animal or part of a dead animal which he has reason to believe
has been killed in an unnecessarily cruel manner, or
(e) Without reasonable cause abandons any animal in circumstances which render it likely that
it will suffer pain by reason of starvation or thirst.
He shall be punished, in the case of a first offence, with fine which may extend to fifty
rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month and, in the case of a
second or subsequent offence committed within three years of the previous offence, with
finewhich may extend to one hundred rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend
to three months, or with both.
63A. Penalty for overloading animals.— (1) If any person overloads any animal, he shall be
punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may
extend to one month.
(2) If the owner of any animal, or any person who, either as a trader, carrier or
contractor or by virtue of his employment by a trader, carrier or contractor, is in possession of, or
in control of the loading of any animal, permits the overloading of such animal he shall be
punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.
74. Penalty for practicing phooka.— (1) If any person performs upon any cow or other milch
animal the operation called phooka or doom dev, or permits such operation to be performed upon
any such animal in his possession or under his control. He shall be punished with fine which may
extend to five hundred rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or
with both, and the animal on which the operation was performed shall be forfeited to Government:
Provided that in the case of a second or subsequent conviction of a person under this
section he shall be punished with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees and with
imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years.
(2) A. Court may order payment out of any fine imposed under this section of an
amount not exceeding onetenth of the fine to any person other than a police officer or officer of a
society or institution concerned with the prevention of cruelty to animals who has given
information leading to the conviction.
5. Penalty for killing animals with unnecessary cruelty anywhere.— If any person kills
any animal in an unnecessarily cruel manner, he shall be punished with fine which may extend to
two hundred rupees, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with
both.
85A. Penalty for being in possession of the skin of a goat killed with un-necessary
cruelty.— If any person has in his possession the skin of a goat, and has reason to believe that
the goat has been killed in an unnecessarily cruel manner, he shall be punished with fine which
may extend to one hundred rupees, or with imprisonment which may extend to three months, or
with both, and the skin shall be confiscated.
85B. Presumptions as to possession of the skin of a goat.— If any person is charged with
the offence of killing a goat contrary to the provisions of section 5, or with an offence punishable
under section 5A, and it is proved that such person had in his possession, at the time the offence
was alleged to have been committed, the skin of a goat with any part of the skin of the head
attached thereto, it shall be presumed, until the contrary be proved, that such goat was killed in an
unnecessarily cruel manner, and that the person in possession of such skin had reason so to
believe.
6. Penalty of employing anywhere animals unfit for labour: — 9If any person employs in
any work or labour any animal which by reason of any disease, infirmity, wound, sore or other
cause is unfit to be so employed or permits any such any unfit animal in his possession or under
his control to be so employed, he shall be punished with fine which may extent to one hundred
rupees. 10[….]
116A. Interpretation.— For the purposes of sections 3A and 6, an owner or other person in
possession or control of an animal shall be deemed to have permitted an offence if he has failed
to exercise reasonable care and supervision with a view to the prevention of such offence and, for
the purposes of section 4, if he fails to prove that he has exercised such care and supervision.
126B. Treatment and care of animals.— (1) The Provincial Government may, by general or
special order, appoint infirmaries for the treatment and care of animals in respect of which
offences against this Act have been committed, and may authorize the detention therein of any
animal pending its production before a Magistrate.
(2) The Magistrate before whom a prosecution for an offence against this Act has been
instituted may direct that the animal concerned shall be treated and cared for in an infirmary, until
it is fit to perform its usual work or is otherwise fit for discharge or that it shall be sent to a
pinjrapole, or, if the animal is found or such other Veterinary officer as may be authorized in this
behalf by rules made under section 15 certifies that it is incurable or cannot be removed without
cruelty, that it shall be destroyed.
(3) An animal sent for care and treatment to an infirmary shall not, unless the
Magistrate directs that it shall be sent to a pinjrapole or that it shall be destroyed, be released
from such place except upon a certificate of its fitness for discharge issued by the Veterinary
Officer in charge of the area in which the infirmary is situated or such others Veterinary officer as
may be authorized in this behalf by rules made under section 15.
(4) The cost of transporting an animal to an infirmary or pinrpole, and of its maintenance
and treatment in an infirmary, shall be payable by the owner of the animal in accordance with a
scale of rates to be prescribed by the District Magistrate.
13Provided that when the magistrate so orders, on account of the poverty of the owner of
the animal, no charge shall be payable for the treatment of the animal.
(5) If the owner refuses or neglects to pay such cost or to remove the animal within
such time as a Magistrate may prescribe, the Magistrate may direct that the animal be sold and
that the proceeds of the sale be applied to the payment of such cost.
(6) The surplus, if any, of the proceeds of such sale shall on application made by the
owner within two months from the date of the sale, be paid to him.
146C. Penalty for baiting or inciting animals to fight.— If any person:
(a) Incites any animal to fight, or
(b) Baits any animal, or
(c) Aids or abets any such incitement or baiting, he shall be punished with fine which
may extend to fifty rupees.
Exception:- It shall not be an offence under this section to incite animals to fight if such
fighting is not likely to cause injury or suffering to such animals and all responsible precautions
are taken to prevent injury or suffering from being so caused.
7. Penalty for permitting diseased animals to go at large or to die in public place.— If
any person willfully permits any animal or which he is the owner or is in charge to got at large in
any street while the animal is affected with contagious or infectious disease, or without reasonable
excuse permits any diseased or disabled animal of which he is the owner or is in charge to die in
any street, he shall be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees15 where he is
the owner of the animal, or to fifty rupees where he is in charge of but not the owner of the animal
167A. Special power of search and seizure in respect of certain Offences.— 17(1) If a police –
officer, not below the rank of sub-inspector, has reason to believe that an offence under section 5,
in respect of a goat, is being or is about to be, or has been committed in any place, or that any
person has in his possession the skin of a goat with any part of the skin of the head attached
thereto, he may enter and search such place on any place in which he has reason to believe any
such skin to be, and may seize any such skin and any article or thing used or intended to be used
in the commission of such offence.
18(2) If a police – officer, not below the rank of sub-inspector, or any person specially
authorized by the Provincial Government in this behalf has reason to believe that phooka or doom
dev. Has just been or is being performed on any animal within the limits of his jurisdiction, he may
enter any place in which he has reason to believe such animal to be, and may seize the animal
and produce it for examination by the Veterinary Officer in charge of the area in which the animal
is seized.
8. Search – warrants.— (1) If Magistrate of the first19 or second class20, Subdivisional
Magistrate21, or District Superintendent of Police, upon information in writing and after such inquiry
as the thinks necessary, has reason to believe that an offence 22[against this Act] is being or is
about to be or has been committed in any place, he may either himself enter and search or by his
warrant authorize any police-officer 23[not below the rank of sub-inspector to enter and search the
place.]
(2) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1882, relating to searches under
that24 Code shall, so far as those provisions can be made applicable, apply to a search under subsection
(1) 25[or under section 7A.]
9. Limitation for prosecution.— A prosecution for an offence against this Act shall not be
instituted after the expiration of thee months from the date of the commission of the offence.
10. Destruction of suffering animals.— 26(1) When any Magistrate, or District Superintendent
of Police has reason to believe that an offence against this Act has been committed in respect of
any animal, he may direct the immediate destruction of the animal if in his opinion its sufferings
are such as to render such a direction proper.
27(2) Any police-officer above the rank of a constable who finds any animal so diseased,
or so severely injured, or in such a physical condition that it cannot, in his opinion, be removed
without cruelty , may, if the owner is absent or refuses to consent to the destruction of the animal
forthwith summon the Veterinary Officer in charge of the area in which the animal is found and if
the Veterinary Officer certificates that the animal is mortality injured, or so severely injured or in
such a physical condition that its destruction is desirable, the police-officer may, after obtaining
orders from a Magistrate, destroy the animal or cause it to be destroyed.
11. Saving with respect to religious rites and usages.— Nothing in this Act shall render it
an offence to kill any animal in a manner required by the religion or religious rites and usages of
any race tribe or class.
12. Provision supplementary to section 1 with respect to extent of Act.— Notwithstanding
anything in section 1, sections28 4 and 13, sections 9 and 10, and section 6A, 8 and 15, so far as
they relate to offence under section 4 shall extend to every local area in which any section of this
Act constituting an offence is for the time being in force.
2913. Offence under section 4 to be cognizable.— Notwithstanding anything contained in the
code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, an offence punishable under section 4 shall be a cognizable
offence within the meaning of that Code.
14. General power of seizure for examination.— Any police Officer above the rank of a
constable or any person authorized by the Provincial Government in this behalf, who has reason
to believe that an offence against this Act has been or is being committed in respect of any
animal, may, if in his opinion the circumstances so require, seize the animal and produce the
same for examination by the nearest Magistrate or by such Veterinary Officer as may be
designated in this behalf by rules made under section 15; and such police officer or authorized
person may, when seizing the animal, require the person in charge thereof to accompany it to the
place of examination.
15. Power to make rules.— (1) The Provincial Government may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, and subject to the condition of previous publications, make rules to carry out the
purposes of this Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, the
Provincial Government may make rules:
(a) Prescribing the maximum weight of loads to be carried or drawn by any animal;
(b) Prescribing conditions to prevent the overcrowding of animal;
(c) Prescribing the period during which, and the hours between which, buffaloes shall not
be used for draught purposes;
(d) Prescribing the purposes to which fines realized under this Act may be applied,
including such purposes as the maintenance of infirmaries, pinjrapoles, and
veterinary hospitals;
(e) Prohibiting the use of any bit or harness involving cruelty;
(f) Requiring persons carrying on the business of a farrier to be licensed and registered;
(g) Requiring persons owning, or in charge of , premises in which animals are kept or
milked to register such premises, to comply with prescribed conditions as to the
boundary walls or surroundings of such premises, to permit their inspection for the
purpose of ascertaining whether any offence against section 4 is being, or has been,
committed therein, and to expose in such premises copies of section 4 of this Act in
a language or languages commonly understood in the locality; and
(h) Prescribing the manner in which cattle may be impounded in any place appointed for
the purpose, so as to secure the prevision of adequate space, food and water.
(3) If any person contravenes, or abets the contravention of, any rule made under this
section, he shall be punished with fine which may extend to fifty rupees.
16. Person authorized under section 14 to be public servants.— Every person authorized
by the Provincial Government under section 14 shall be deemed to be public servant within the
meaning of section 21 of the Pakistan Penal Code.
3017. Indemnity.— No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person
who is, or who is deemed to be, a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Pakistan
Penal Code, in respect of any thing in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.

1 Substituted by the Central Laws (Statute Reform) Ordinance, 1960 (21 of 1960), S. 3 and Sch.(with effect from the 14th October, 1955) for
“all the Provinces and the Capital of the Federation” which had been substituted by Adaptation of Laws Order, 1949, Articles 3 (2) and 4,
for “the whole of British India”.
2 Substituted by Adaptation of Indian Laws Order, 1937, for the words “Local Government”.
3 The word ‘and” was omitted by the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 ( 25 of 1938), S.2.
4 New clause (3) added, ibid.
5 substituted by Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S. 3, for the original section.
6 New Section 3-A inserted by S. 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938).
7 Substituted by Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S. 5, for the original section.
8 New Sections 5-A & 5B inserted by section 2 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1917 (14 of 1917).
9 The figure and brackets “(1)” omitted by Section 6 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938).
10 Sub-sections (2) to (6) of section 6 were omitted, ibid.
11 New Section 6-A added by Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S.7.
12 New section 6-B added by Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 ( 25 of 1938), S.7.
13 The words “ or, in Presidency-towns, by the Commissioner of Police” omitted by Adaptation of Laws Order, 1949, Schedule.
14 New Section 6-C, added by Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 ( 25 of 1938), S.7.
15 These words were added Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S.8.
16 Section 7-A inserted by the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) A ct, 1917 ( 14 of 1917), S.3.
17 Section 7-A re-numbered as sub-section (1) of that section by Act (25 of 1938), S.9.
18 Sub-section (2) added ibid.
19 Substituted for the word “class” by the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S.10.
20 The words “Presidency, Magistrate” omitted by A.O. 1949, Schedule.
21 The words “Commissioner of Police” omitted, ibid.
22 Substituted for the words and figures against section 4 section 5 of section 6” by Act 25 of 1938, S.10.
23 Substituted ibid., for the words” above the rank of a constable”.
24 See now the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act 5 of 1898).
25 Added by the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1917 (14 of 1917), S.4.
26 Section 10 re-numbered as sub-section (1) of that section by Act 25 of 1938.
27 Sub-Section (2) added, ibid.
28 Substituted by the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938, (25 of 1938), S.12 for the word and figures “9,10 and 11”.
29 New sections 13 to 17 added by Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S.13.
30 New Sections 13 to 17 added by Prevention of Cruelty to Ani,als (Amendment) Act, 1938 (25 of 1938), S.13.

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