Saturday, 17 January 2015

The Service Tribunals Act, 1973 (Act No. LXX of 1973)

 An Act to provide for the establishment of Service Tribunals to exercise
jurisdiction in respect of matters relating to the terms and conditions of service of
civil servants.
 WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the establishment of Administrative
Tribunals, to be called Service Tribunals, to exercise exclusive jurisdiction in respect
of matters relating to the terms and conditions of service of civil servants, and for
matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto.
 It is hereby enacted as follows:–
 1. Short title, commencement and application.–(1) This Act may be
called the Service Tribunals Act, 1973.
 (2) It shall come into force at once.
 (3) It applies to all civil servants wherever they may be.
 2. Definitions.–-In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject
or context, –-
*
[(a) "civil servant" means a person who is, or has been, a civil servant
within the meaning of the Civil Servants Act, 1973** (LXXI of
1973);] ***[and shall include a person declared to be a civil servant
under section 2(a); and]
 (b) "Tribunal" means a Service Tribunal established under section 3.
@[2-A. Service under certain corporations, etc. to be service of Pakistan.–
Service under any authority, corporation, body or organization established by or
under a Federal law or which is owned or controlled by the Federal Government or
in which the Federal Government has a controlling share or interest is hereby
declared to be service of Pakistan and every person holding a post under such
authority, corporation, body or organization shall be deemed to be a civil servant for
the purposes of this Act].

*
 Subs. vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XXXI of 1974, dated 6-5-1974. ** Chapter 1, Sl. No. 2.
*** Added vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XVII of 1997, dated 10-6-1997.
@ Added vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XVII of 1997, dated 10-6-1997. 1257
 3. Tribunals.–(1) The President may, by notification in the official Gazette,
establish one or more Service Tribunals and, where there are established more than
one Tribunal, the President shall specify in the notification the class or classes of
civil servants in respect of whom or the territorial limits within which, or the class or
classes of cases in respect of which, each such Tribunal shall exercise jurisdiction
under this Act.
 (2) A Tribunal shall have exclusive jurisdiction in respect of matters relating
to the terms and conditions of service of civil servants, including disciplinary matters.
 (3) A Tribunal shall consist of–
 (a) a Chairman, being a person who *
[is, or] has been, qualified to be
Judge of a High Court; and
 **[(b) such number of members ***[not less than three] each of whom is a person
who possesses such qualifications as may be prescribed by rules, as
the President may from time to time appoint].
 (4) The Chairman and members of a Tribunal shall be appointed by the
President on such terms and conditions as he may determine.
 (5) The Chairman or a member of a Tribunal may resign his office by writing
under his hand addressed to the President.
 (6) The Chairman or a member of a Tribunal shall not hold any other office
of profit in the service of Pakistan if his remuneration is thereby increased.
 (7) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3), sub-section (4),
sub-section (5) or sub-section (6), a Tribunal established to exercise jurisdiction in
respect of a specified class or classes of cases may consist of one or more persons
in the service of Pakistan to be appointed by the President.
@[3-A. Benches of the Tribunal.–(1) The powers and functions of a
Tribunal may be exercised or performed by Benches consisting of not less than two
members of Tribunal, including the Chairman, constituted by the Chairman.
 (2) If the members of a bench differ in opinion as to the decision to be given
on any point,–
 (a) the point shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority;
 (b) if the members are equally divided and the Chairman of the Tribunal
is not himself a member of the bench, the case shall be referred to
the Chairman and the decision of the Tribunal shall be expressed in

*
 Ins. vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XIX of 1977, dated 13-5-1977. ** Added vide Ordinance No. IX of 1978, dated 18-3-1978. *** Subs. vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act IV of 1987, dated 15-6-1987.
@ Added vide Ordinance No. IX of 1978, dated 18-3-1978. 1258
terms of the opinion of the Chairman; and
 (c) if the members are equally divided and the Chairman of the Tribunal
is himself a member of the bench, the opinion of the Chairman shall
prevail and the decision of the Tribunal shall be expressed in terms
of the opinion of the Chairman].
 4. Appeals to Tribunals.–-(1) Any civil servant aggrieved by any *
[ ] order,
whether original or appellate, made by a departmental authority in respect of any of
the terms and conditions of his service may, within thirty days of the communication
of such order to him, **[or within six months of the establishment of the appropriate
Tribunal, whichever is later, prefer an appeal to the Tribunal]:
 Provided that–
(a) where an appeal, review or representation to a departmental
authority is provided under the Civil Servants Ordinance,
1973***, or any rule against any such order, no appeal shall lie to a
Tribunal unless the aggrieved civil servant has preferred an
appeal or application for review or representation to such
departmental authority and a period of ninety days has elapsed
from the date on which such appeal, application or representation
was so preferred; @[ ]
(b) no appeal shall lie to a Tribunal against an order or decision of a
departmental authority determining the fitness or otherwise of a
person to be appointed to or hold a particular post or to be promoted
to a higher grade; @@[and]
@@@[(c) no appeal shall lie to a Tribunal against an order or decision of a
departmental authority made at any time before the 1st July, 1969].
 (2) Where the appeal is against an order or decision of a departmental
authority imposing a departmental punishment or penalty on a civil servant, the
appeal shall be preferred–
 (a) in the case of a penalty of dismissal from service, removal from
service, compulsory retirement or reduction to a lower post or
time-scale or to a lower stage in a time-scale, to a Tribunal referred
to in sub-section (3) of section 3 ;and


*
 Omitted vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XVII of 1997, dated 10-6-1997. ** Subs. vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act No. XXXI of 1974, dated 6-5-1974. *** Chapter 1, Sl. No. 2.
@ The word "and" Omitted vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XXXI of 1974 dated 6.5.1974.
@@ Subs. vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act No. XXXI of 1974, dated 6-5-1974.
@@@ Added vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act XXXI of 1974, dated 6.5.1974. 1259
 (b) in any other case, to a Tribunal referred to in sub-section (7) of that
section.
Explanation.– In this section, "departmental authority" means any authority
other than a Tribunal, which is competent to make an order in respect of any of the
terms and conditions of civil servants.
 5. Powers of Tribunals.–(1) A Tribunal may, on appeal, confirm, set aside,
vary or modify the order appealed against.
 (2) A Tribunal shall, for the purpose of deciding any appeal, be deemed to
be a civil court and shall have the same powers as are vested in such court under
the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), including the powers of–
(a) enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
 (b) compelling the production of documents; and
 (c) issuing commission for the examination of witnesses and
documents.
 6. Abatement of suit and other proceedings.–All suits, appeals or
applications regarding any matter within the jurisdiction of a Tribunal pending in any
court immediately before the commencement of this Act shall abate forthwith:
 Provided that any party to such a suit, appeal or application may, within
ninety days of the *[establishment of the appropriate Tribunal, prefer an appeal to it]
in respect of any such matter which is in issue in such suit, appeal or application.
 7. Limitation.–The provisions of sections 5 and 12 of the Limitation
Act,1908 (IX of 1908),shall apply to appeals under this Act.
 8. Rules.–(1) The Federal Government may, by notification in the official
Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

 (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing
power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters namely:–
 (a) requirements as to the number of members of the Tribunal
necessary for hearings before, or order or decision by, a Tribunal *
[or
a Bench thereof]; and
 (b) filling for a specified period any vacancy in the office of the Chairman
or a member of the Tribunal caused by the absence on leave or

*
 Subs. vide Service Tribunals (Amendment) Act, XXXI of 1974, dated 6.5.1974. 1260
other-wise of the Chairman or, as the case may be, a member.
 9. Repeal.– The Service Tribunals Ordinance, 1973 (XV of 1973), is hereby
repealed.
[Authority: The Act received assent of the President on 26-9-1973 and was published in the
Gazette of Pakistan Extraordinary. Par I, dated 29-9-1973].
Sl. No. 3
The Service Tribunals (Procedure) Rules, 1974
 In exercise of the powers conferred by section 8 of the Service
Tribunals Act, 1973 (LXX of 1973)*, the Federal Government is pleased to make
the following rules, namely:-
THE SERVICE TRIBUNALS (PROCEDURE) RULES, 1974
 1. These rules may be called the Service Tribunals (Procedure) Rules, 1974.
 2. (1) In these rules, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or
context, -
 (a) "Act" means the Service Tribunals Act, 1973 (LXX of 1973)*
.
 (b) "Chairman" means the Chairman of a Tribunal.
 (c) "Member" means a member of a Tribunal and includes the
Chairman; and
 (d) "Registrar" means the Registrar of a Tribunal and includes any other
person authorised by the Tribunal to perform the functions of the
Registrar under these rules.
 (2) Words and expressions used but not defined in these rules shall have
the same meaning as are assigned to them in the Act.
 3. (1) The permanent seat of a Tribunal shall be at a place which the Federal
Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint.
 (2) A Tribunal shall ordinarily hold its sittings at its permanent seat but it
may hold its sittings at any other place within its jurisdiction if in its opinion the
holding of sittings at such other place will be convenient to the parties to the
proceedings before it.
 4. (1) A Tribunal shall ordinarily observe the same hours as are observed by
the offices of the Federal Government.
 (2) A Tribunal shall observe the holidays notified by the Federal

* Sl. No.2. 1261
Government.
 5. (1) An appeal to a Tribunal may be sent to the Registrar by registered
post acknowledgement due or presented to him during office hours either by the
appellant personally or through his advocate.
 (2) Appeals presented to or received by any member shall be deemed to be
properly presented or received under this rule.
 6. Every memorandum of appeal shall -
*
[(1)] (a) be legibly, correctly and concisely written, type-written or
printed;
 (b) be divided into paragraphs, numbered consecutively, each
paragraph containing, as nearly as may be, a separate
assertion or averment;
 (c) contain the full name, official designation and place of
posting of each party;
 (d) clearly set out the relief claimed;

 (e) be accompanied by -
 (i) a copy of the final order, whether original or
appellate, and any other order of the competent
authority in respect of any of the terms and conditions
of service of the appellant against which the appeal is
preferred; and
 (ii) copies of rules, orders and other documents on which
the appellant proposes to rely in support of his claim;
 (f) be signed or thumb impressed by the appellant; and
 (g) be accompanied by three spare copies of the memorandum
of appeal and as many other copies thereof, duly signed or
thumb-impressed by the appellant and accompanied by the
documents referred to in clause (e), as there are
respondents: Provided that where a Tribunal is satisfied that
it is not possible for any appellant to produce any document
referred to in clause (e) it may waive the provisions of the
clause.
 *
[(2) If malice, fraudulent intention, knowledge or other condition of mind,

*
 Renumbered vide Estt. Division Notification No. SRO 1100(1)/83, dated 23-11-1983. *
 Added vide Estt. Division Notification No. SRO 1100(I)/81, dated 23-11-1983. 1262
including legal or factual mala fide, is alleged in an appeal, the
memorandum of appeal shall state clearly the facts constituting such
malice, fraudulent intention, knowledge or other condition of mind or,
as the case may be legal or factual mala fide, and be accompanied,
besides the documents specified in clause (e) of sub-rule (1), by a
summary of the documentary or oral evidence which the appellant
proposes to produce in proof of the allegation and an affidavit in
support of the contents of the summary].
 7. In every memorandum of appeal, the competent authority against whose
orders the appeal is preferred and any other party to the dispute shall be shown as
respondents.
 8. Where an appeal is presented after the period of limitation prescribed in
the Act, it shall be accompanied by a petition supported by an affidavit setting forth
the cause of delay.
 9. No court-fee shall be payable for preferring an appeal to, or filing,
exhibiting or recording any document with a Tribunal.
 10. (1) The Registrar shall scrutinize every memorandum of appeal received
by him, and shall -
 (i) if it is drawn up in accordance with the provisions of rule 6,
cause it to be registered in the register of appeals**, to be
maintained in form appended to these rules and shall, with
the approval of the Chairman, fix a date for its preliminary
hearing before the Tribunal; and
 (ii) if it is not drawn up in accordance with the provisions of rule
6, return it to the appellant for amendment, within a time to
be specified in an order to be recorded by him on the
memorandum of appeal, which shall in no case be less than
fourteen days, pointing out the deficiency.
 (2) If the memorandum of appeal is not resubmitted within the period
specified under clause (ii) of sub-rule (1), the appeal shall stand dismissed.
 11.(1) A Tribunal may, after hearing the appellant or his advocate dismiss
the appeal in limine***.
 (2) If the appeal is not dismissed in limine, notice of admission of appeal

** See Form A (attached to the rules). *** ‘L’ - on the threshold. 1263
and of the day fixed for its hearing shall, subject to the provisions of sub-rule (3), be
served on the appellant, the respondents and on such other persons as the Tribunal
may deem proper.
 (3) The appellant shall, within one week of the receipt of the notice of
admission of his appeal, or within such extended period as may be allowed by the
Registrar, deposit with the Registrar:-
 (a) cash security for costs in the sum of Rs. 100; and
 (b) cost of service of notice on the respondents.
 (4) If the appellant does not comply with the provisions of sub-rule (3), his
appeal may be dismissed by the Tribunal.
 12. (1) A notice under sub-rule (2) of rule 11 shall be in such form as may be
laid down by a Tribunal and may be served by registered post or in any other
manner, including publication in one or more daily newspapers, as the Tribunal may
direct:
 Provided that a notice shall not be issued for publication in a newspaper until
the costs of such publication are deposited by the appellant.
 (2) The notice to a respondent shall, except where it is published in a
newspaper, be accompanied by a copy of the memorandum of appeal and of the
documents appended thereto.
 (3) Service of notice in accordance with the provisions of this rule shall be
deemed to be due notice, and it shall not be necessary to prove that a party has
actually received the notice.
 13. (1) A respondent on whom a notice of appeal has been served under
rule 12, may send his objections to the appeal by registered post acknowledgement
due to the Registrar so as to reach him, or deliver the same to the Registrar either
personally or through his advocate not later than seven days before the date
specified in the notice for hearing of the appeal or within such extended period as
may be allowed by the Registrar.
 (2) The objection shall be legibly, correctly and concisely written, type-written
or printed, shall be signed by the respondent or by a person authorised by him in
that behalf and shall be accompanied by a copy of every document on which the
respondent wishes to rely in support of his objections.
 (3) The written objections shall be accompanied by four spare copies
thereof, complete in all respects, for use of the members of the Tribunal and the
appellant.
 (4) In case objections are not received or delivered within the time allowed 1264
under sub-rule (1), the respondent may be proceeded against ex-parte.
 14. Questions arising for determination by a Tribunal shall be decided
ordinarily upon affidavits and documents proved by affidavits, but the Tribunal may
direct that such questions as it may consider necessary shall be decided on such
other evidence and in such manner as it may deem fit.
 15. (1) An application for summoning witnesses before a Tribunal shall be
made as soon as possible after the issue of notice of admission of appeal under rule
11 and shall state:-
 (a) the names, designations and addresses of the witnesses to be
summoned; and
 (b) a brief resume of the evidence which each witness is expected to
give.
 (2) If the Tribunal is of the opinion that the evidence of any witness specified
in the list of witnesses given under sub-rule (1) may be of material assistance in the
disposal of an appeal before it, it shall direct him to be summoned on a date to be
fixed by the Tribunal, and direct that the daily allowance and travelling charges of
such witness should be deposited by the person calling him within seven days of the
date of the order.
 (3) The Tribunal may, by general or special order, prescribe the rates of daily
allowance and travelling charges to be paid to witnesses summoned by it.
 (4) If a person applying for the summoning of a witness fails to deposit the
requisite costs of the witness within the period specified in sub-rule (2), or within
such extended period as may be allowed by the Tribunal, the application for
summoning of witnesses, so far as it relates to such witness, shall be deemed to
have been rejected.
 (5) If the Tribunal is of the opinion that the evidence of any witness is
necessary for the disposal of an appeal before it, it may direct him to be summoned.
 (6) Where the Tribunal summons a witness under the provisions of sub-rule
(5):-
 (a) if such witness is a Government servant, his travelling and daily
allowances, if any, shall be payable by the Government; and
 (b) if such witness is a private person, his travelling and daily allowance
shall be payable by such party and to such extent as may be
determined by the Tribunal.
 16. (1) A process for service on a witness of high rank shall be sent in the
form of a letter. 1265
 (2) Except in urgent cases or as may otherwise be ordered by a Tribunal, a
summon to a Government servant shall be served through the head of his office.
 17. (1) A Daily Cause List shall be prepared under the orders of the
Registrar which shall be affixed on the notice board of the Court room of the
Tribunal.
 (2) Except as otherwise directed by the Tribunal, cases shall be set down in
the Cause List in the order of the date of admission.
 18. (1) A Tribunal may, if it considers necessary, appoint an officer of the
Tribunal to record evidence of a witness for and on behalf of the Tribunal.
 (2) Evidence of a witness examined by or on behalf of a Tribunal shall be
taken ordinarily in the form of a narrative, and shall be signed by the recording
officer and countersigned by the members and shall form part of the record.
 (3) The parties or their advocates may suggest any questions to be put to a
witness and a member may, besides such questions, put any other questions to the
witness.
 (4) A Tribunal may, in the interest of justice, close the evidence of any party
if, in its opinion, the production or continuation of such evidence would involve
inordinate delay or unnecessary expenses.
 19. (1) If, on the date fixed for the hearing of an appeal, or on any other
subsequent date to which the hearing may have been adjourned, the appellant or
his advocate is not present before a Tribunal, the Tribunal may dismiss the appeal
or, if it thinks fit, may proceed to hear the other party and decide the appeal.
 (2) If, on the date fixed for the hearing of an appeal, or on any subsequent
date to which the hearing may have been adjourned, the respondent or any one or
more of the respondents, in case there are more than one respondents, or his or
their advocates are not present before the Tribunal, the Tribunal may hear the
appeal ex-parte against all or any of the respondents who, and whose advocates
are so absent.
 (3) When an appeal has been dismissed under sub-rule (1) or ex-parte
proceedings have been taken under sub-rule (2), the Tribunal may, on such order
as to costs as it may deem fit, restore the appeal or, as the case may be, set aside
the ex-parte order or allow the defaulting party to rejoin the proceedings.
 20. (1) A Tribunal may make such order as to costs of proceedings before it
as it may deem fit and such costs shall be paid out of the cash security deposited 1266

under clause (a) of sub-rule (3) or rule 11.
 (2) If, after deduction of the costs of proceedings under sub-rule (1), any
amount deposited under clause (a) of sub-rule (3) of rule 11 remains unutilized, it
shall be returned to the appellant.
*
21. (1) The Tribunal shall, after the order is signed cause certified copies
thereof to be sent under registered cover to the parties concerned and shall deliver
a copy to the Secretary, Establishment Division, **[and the Solicitor, Law Division].
 (2) Any party to the appeal may obtain additional copies of the order on
payment of such legal fees, as the Tribunal may from time to time fix.
 22. Clerical or arithmetical mistakes arising in an order of final adjudication
from any accidental slip or omission may at any time, be corrected by a Tribunal
either on its own motion or on an application made by any of the parties:
 Provided that every such application shall be duly supported by an affidavit.
 23. If a Tribunal is unable to arrive at a unanimous decision, its decision
shall be expressed in terms of the view of the majority.
 24. If any member of a Tribunal is, for any reason, unable to take part in the
proceedings of the Tribunal, the other members may hear or continue to hear the
appeal but the decision of the Tribunal shall be shown to the absentee member and,
if such member has any view to express, the same may be recorded and the
decision of the Tribunal shall be expressed in terms of the view of the majority.
 25. A casual vacancy in the office of the Chairman or a member of a
Tribunal caused by the absence on leave or otherwise of the Chairman or, as the
case may be, a member may be filled by the President for a specified period by
appointment of a person who is qualified to be the Chairman or, as the case may
be, a member of a Tribunal.
 26. The language of a Tribunal shall be English, but use may be made of the
National or any one of the regional languages subject to the prior permission of the
Tribunal.
 27. A Tribunal may issue instructions in regard to supply of copies to, and
inspection of record by parties to proceedings before it.
[Authority.- Estt. Division Notification No. S.R.O. 1199(1)/74, dated 14-9-1974].
*
 Subs. vide Estt. Division. Notification No. SRO 1111(1)/75, dated 6-11-1975. ** Subs. vide Estt. Division Notification No. S.R.O. 427(1)79, dated 20-5-1979. 1267
 FORM ‘A’
REGISTER OF APPEALS
 (See rule 10)
Sl.
No.
Date of
Presentation
of appeal
Name and
address of
the
appellant
Name and
address of
the
respondents
Date of
registration
of the
appeal
Whether
admitted or
dismissed in
limine, with
date of
order
Amount of
cash security
and costs
deposited by
the appellant
Date of
final order
Brief substance
of the final
order
Date on which
copy of the final
order sent to
the competent
authority.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101268
Sl. No. 4
Delegation of Powers to Deputy Registrar, Service Tribunal, Lahore
 In partial modification of Service Tribunal's notification of even number dated
the 6th December, 1975, and in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) (d)
of Rule (2) of the Service Tribunals (Procedure) Rules, 1974*
, the Deputy Registrar,
Service Tribunals, Camp Office, Lahore is hereby authorised to perform the
functions of the Registrar under the Service Tribunals (Procedure) Rule, 1974
except:-
 1. the fixing of cases out of turn;
 2. transfer of cases from one station to another; and
 3. grant of extension for filing objections beyond 5 months.
[Authority.- Federal Service Tribunal Notification No.F.12(2)/74,FST, dated 15-9-1980].
Sl. No. 5
The Service Tribunals (Qualifications of Members) Rules, 1974
 In exercise of the powers conferred by section 8 of the Service Tribunals
Act, 1973** (LXX of 1973), the Federal Government is pleased to make the following
rules:-
 1. These rules may be called the Service Tribunals (Qualifications of
Members) Rules, 1974.
 2. A member of the Tribunal shall be a person who has for a period of not
less than 20 years held an appointment or post in the Service of Pakistan, or in a
Corporation or other body set up by Government or who, for the said period, has
been an advocate or legal practitioner.
[Authority.- Estt. Division Notification No. S.R.O. 242 (I)/74, dated 22-2-1974].
Sl. No. 6
Permanent Seat of the Service Tribunal
 In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-rule (1) of rule 3 of the Service
Tribunals (Procedure) Rules, 1974, the Federal Government is pleased to appoint
Islamabad to be the place at which the Service Tribunal established under the
Establishment Division Notification No. S.R.O. 242(1)/74, dated the 22nd February,
1974***, shall have its permanent seat.
[Authority.- Estt. Division Notification No. 15/l/73-CV., dated 29-10-1974].

*
 Sl.No.3.
** Sl.No.2.
*** Sl.No.5. 1269
Sl. No. 7
Method, Qualifications and other Conditions for Appointment of the Assistant
Registrar (Grade 16) and Administrative Officer (Grade 17) in the Service
Tribunal
 In pursuance of sub-rule (2) of rule 3 of the Civil Servants (Appointment,
Promotion and Transfer) Rules, 1973*
, the following method, qualifications and other
conditions are laid down for appointment to the post of Assistant Registrar (Grade**
16) in the Service Tribunal:-
 2. Method of appointment.- The post of Assistant Registrar shall be filled by
transfer and, failing that, by promotion.
 3. Qualifications/Conditions for transfer.- Appointment by transfer shall be
made from amongst the persons who hold posts in Grade** 16 on a regular basis
either in the Service Tribunal or in any other Department of Federal Government. A
law graduate will be preferred.
 4. Conditions for promotion.- Promotion shall be made by selection from
amongst the officials in Grades** 11 to 15 employed in the Service Tribunal who
have rendered at least 5 years service in these grades. A law graduate will be
preferred.
 5. Probation.- A person appointed to the post by promotion shall be on
probation for a period of one year. This period may be curtailed for good and
sufficient reasons to be recorded, or if considered necessary, it may be extended for
a period not exceeding one year, as may be prescribed at the time of appointment.
Appointment on probation shall be subject to provision of Section 6 of Civil Servants
Act, 1973***.
[Authority.- Estt. Division Notification No. S.R.O. 12 (I)/76, dated 3-1-1976].
Sl. No. 8
Method, Qualifications and other Conditions for Appointment of
Administrative Officer in Service Tribunal
 In pursuance of sub-rule (2) of Rule 3 of the Civil Servants (Appointment,
Promotion and Transfer) Rules, 1973 (Chapter 2, Sl.No. 1, Vol. I), the following
method, qualifications and other conditions are laid down for appointment to the post
of Administrative Officer (Grade** 17), in the Service Tribunal.
 2. Method of appointment.- The post of Administrative Officer shall be filled
by promotion and failing that it will be filled by transfer.

*
 Chapter 2, Sl.No.1. Vol. I.
** BPS. *** Chapter 1, Sl. No. 2, Vol.I.1270
 3. Conditions for promotion.- Promotion shall be made by selection from
amongst the persons who hold the post of Superintendent or Private Secretary or
Assistant Registrar in the Service Tribunal on a regular basis and have rendered at
least 3 years service in Grade 16 or at least 8 years service in Grade 11 and above.
 A person who has sufficient knowledge of rules/regulations relating to
administrative and establishment matters will be given preference.
 4. Qualifications/Conditions for Transfer.- Appointment by transfer shall be
made from amongst the persons who hold posts in Grade 17 on a regular basis
under the Federal Government and have sufficient experience of rules/regulations
relating to administrative and establishment matters.
 5. Probation.- A person appointed to the post by promotion shall be on
probation for a period of one year. This period may be curtailed for good and
sufficient reasons to be recorded, or if considered necessary, it may be extended for
a period not exceeding one year, as may be prescribed at the time of appointment.
Appointment on probation shall be subject to provision of Section 6 of Civil Servants
Act, 1973*
.
[Authority.- Estt. Division Notification No. S.R.O. 138 (I)/76, dated 12-2-1976].
Sl. No. 9
Method, Qualifications and Other Conditions for Appointment of the Deputy
Registrar (Judicial) Grade 17 in the Service Tribunal
 In pursuance of sub-rule (2) of Rule 3 of the Civil Servants (Appointment,
Promotion and Transfer) Rules, 1973 (Chapter 2, Sl. No. 1, Vol. I), the following
method, qualifications and other conditions are laid down for appointment to the post
of Deputy Registrar (Judicial) Grade** 17 in the Service Tribunal.
 2. Method of Appointment.- The post will be filled by promotion, and failing
that by transfer or by direct recruitment.
 3. Conditions of Promotion.- Promotion shall be made by selection from
amongst the persons who hold the post of Superintendent, or Private Secretary or
Assistant Registrar in the Service Tribunal on regular basis and have rendered at
least 3 years service in Grade 16 or at least 8 years service in Grade 11 and above.
 Only persons having degree in law with sufficient knowledge of rules/regulations
relating to service matters will be considered for promotion.
 4. Qualifications/Conditions for Transfer.- Appointments by transfer shall be
made from amongst the persons holding appointment on a regular basis in the
same grade** in which the post to be filled exists, provided the person concerned
possesses the qualifications/experience prescribed for direct recruitment or
promotion to the post concerned.
 5. Qualifications, experience and age limits for direct recruitment.- A
candidate must possess the educational qualifications and experience and must be

* Chapter 1, Sl.No.2, Vol. I. ** BPS 1271
within the age limits as mentioned against the post in the Schedule to this
notification:
 Provided that the maximum age limit will be relaxed by 3 years in the case of
candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Buddhist Community, recognised tribes
of the Tribal Areas, Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas (Districts of Gilgit, Skardu,
Ghizer, Ghanche and Diamir) in accordance with the instructions issued by the
Establishment Division.
 6. Probation.- Persons appointed by promotion or direct recruitment shall be
on probation for a period of one year. This period may be curtailed for good and
sufficient reasons to be recorded, or if considered necessary, it may be extended for
a period not exceeding one year as may be prescribed at the time of appointment.
Appointment on probation shall be subject to the provisions of Section 6 of Civil
Servants Act, 1973 (Chapter 1, Sl. No. 2, Vol. I).
[Authority.- Estt. Division Notification No.S.R.O.136(I)/78, dated 23-1-1978].
 SCHEDULE
 (See para 5)
Age Limit Sl.
No.
Designation
and Grade of
the Post
Qualifications and Experience Maximum Minimum
1. Deputy
Registrar
(Judicial)
Grade 17*
Law graduate, having 3 years experience of
working as Assistant Registrar in a High Court
or a Tribunal, or as Legal Adviser in a
Government Office or large private
establishment, or 3 years practice as an
advocate.
35 years 25 years
Sl. No. 10
Defence of Cases in the Tribunal and Law Courts
 The following guidelines and instructions are to be observed by the
Ministries/Divisions/Attached Departments in regard to Appeals/Writ Petitions/Suits
preferred by the aggrieved civil servants before Service Tribunals, High Courts and
Civil Law Courts against final orders affecting the terms and conditions of service,
including cases where penalty have been awarded under the Government Servants
(Efficiency & Discipline) Rules**:-
(i) After the promulgation of the Tribunal Act, 1973***, the jurisdiction in
all matters pertaining to the terms and conditions of the civil servants,
including orders passed under Government Servants (Efficiency &
Discipline) Rules 1973@ (Chapter 9, Sl. No. 85) rest with the Tribunal
and to that extent the jurisdiction of the High Courts and the Civil

*
 BPS.
** See Chapter 9, Sl. Nos. 85 and 185. *** Sl.No.2.
@ Ref. Sl. No. 185, Chapter 9. 1272
Courts has been ousted. In cases where writ petitions/civil suits are
filed they should be contested on the point of jurisdiction.
(ii) In Appeals/Writ Petitions/Civil Suits against the orders passed by the
Ministries/Divisions, the responsibility of defending such cases is of
the Ministry/Division/Attached Department concerned. However, in
view of the fact that Establishment Division is made proforma party in
most of the cases, the cases are referred routinely to this Division
which results in loss of time. It is clarified that where the final orders
have been passed by the Ministry/Division other than the
Establishment Division no reference should be made to the
Establishment Division, unless there is a specific point of reference,
in which case the issue should be clearly specified and necessary
papers supplied as annex in a self contained reference. It would not
be possible for the Establishment Division to respond to general
queries or a general request for advice in such cases.
(iii) In cases where the Ministries/Divisions are the principal respondent,
arrangement for submission of parawise comments well in time, and
appointment of counsels to defend the case should be made in
consultation with the Law Division. The Federal Service Tribunal is
presently not happy about the delays in filing parawise comments
and the proper defence of the cases before them by the
Ministries/Divisions.
(iv) In defending the appeals, before the Service Tribunals the question
of limitation should be carefully examined, and the appeals
contested on this ground where appeals are time barred.
(v) The Ministries/Divisions are also required to examine those cases
which are decided against the government by the Service Tribunal in
their capacity as the main respondent, with a view to filing an appeal
before the Supreme Court in consultation with the Law Division
directly. Such cases need not to be referred to this Division for
examination.
[Authority.- Estt. Division O.M.No.14/5/80-Lit/Misc., dated 7-3-1982].

Sl. No. 11
Implementation of Judgments/Orders Passed by the Federal Service Tribunal
 On acceptance of an appeal by the Federal Service Tribunal, a written order
is communicated to the parties and respondent Ministries/ Divisions/Departments
concerned. On receipt, the judgment is to be examined on top priority basis with a
view to filing a Civil Petition for Special Leave to Appeal (CPSLA) before the
Supreme Court of Pakistan for which 60 days time is available to the aggrieved
parties. In case it is decided, in consultation with the Law and Justice Division, that
an order passed by the Tribunal does not involve any substantial question of law of 1273
public importance for moving a CPSLA before the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the
order should be implemented forthwith under intimation to the Registrar, Federal
Service Tribunal, Islamabad.
2. The Ministries/Divisions are also requested kindly to inform the departments
under their administrative control to follow the above instructions.

[Authority.- Estt. Division O.M.No.F.10/14/92-Lit.I, dated 4-5-1993].
Sl. No. 11-A
Implementation of Orders of the Federal Service Tribunal and High Courts
Appealed Against in Supreme Court of Pakistan.
 Copy of letter No. 1(5)2006-AGP, dated 2-3-2006 (Sl. No. 11-B), received
from the Attorney General of Pakistan is enclosed herewith with the request that the
instructions contained in the enclosed letter may be complied with in letter and spirit.
2. The above instructions may also be circulated to the attached departments/
organizations under the administrative control of each Ministry/Division.
[Authority: Estt. Div.’s OM No. 9/4/2006-Lit-4, dated 16th March, 2006]
Sl. No. 11-B
Letter of Attorney General of Pakistan Regarding Implementation of Orders
of the Federal Service Tribunal and High Courts Appealed Against in
Supreme Court of Pakistan
It has been observed that orders passed in service matters by the Federal
Service Tribunal decided against the government are not implemented as per
directions given in the respective orders. The government departments postpone
the implementation of the orders of the Federal Service Tribunal on the grounds
that CPLA is preferred against the order and wait for the disposal of the matter by
the Honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan. The government departments are
hereby informed that unless the order of FST is suspended specifically by an
order of the Supreme Court, the same must be implemented forthwith. However,
a clause may be added in the implementation orders that it shall be subject to the
final decision of the matter by the Honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan. This
eventuality of informing the government departments has arisen because
recently the Honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan has started taking a very
serious note of this fact and in some of the cases, heavy costs up to Rs. 50,000/-
has been imposed by the Honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan simply for the
reason that the government department has not implemented the orders during
the pendency of the CPLA, without there being any order of suspension of the
orders appealed against. The matter must be attended to urgently in order to
avoid any further financial loss to the national exchequer. Thus all the matters
which are decided by the FST or which arc pending in the Honorable Supreme
Court of Pakistan or which may be instituted before the Honorable Supreme 1274
Court of Pakistan against any order passed by the FST, directing the
reinstatement or granting some other relief to a civil servant, be complied with
forthwith, unless the order appealed against is specifically suspended by the
Honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan.
2. The Secretary Establishment is further requested to convey this message
to all the departments concerned of the government in respect of which the
service matters crop up before the FST or before the Honorable Supreme Court
of Pakistan for necessary action.
[Authority Office of the Attorney General for Pakistan's DO No. 1(5)2006-AGP, dated 2-3-2006]
Sl. No. 12
Implementation of Federal Service Tribunals Order Wherever Appeals Not
Filed
 1. …………….Omitted…………………
 2. It is brought to the notice of the Miniseries/ Divisions/Departments that the
Federal Service Tribunal was constituted in 1973 and enjoys the powers of a civil
court under the Civil Procedure Code and can, if it so desires, initiate proceedings
against the defaulting Ministries/Divisions/ Departments for non-implementation of
its orders if they have not been appealed against in the higher courts. It is, therefore,
mandatory for the Ministries/Divisions/Departments to implement the Federal
Service Tribunal's orders wherever appeals have not been filed and strict
compliance with this legal provision is requested forthwith.
 3. The Tribunal has also complained about the lack of assistance being
rendered by the Ministries/Divisions/Departments by having their viewpoints
represented by officials of the contesting Ministry/Division/Department at very low
level and for not contacting government counsel/advocate who is supposed to
defend the government position. Many instances relating to some Ministries and
Departments have been cited by the Chairman, Federal Service Tribunal which are
being separately addressed on the subject.
 4. In view of the above, the attention of the Ministries/Divisions/ Departments
is invited to the Establishment Division's policy O.Ms. No.10/14/92-Lit.I, dated
4.5.1993 (Sl. No. 11), 2/19/93-Lit.3, dated 28.5.1994 and 1/23/94-Lit.2, dated
3.11.1994 which stress that:
 (a) the government departments should assure that no case goes
unrepresented before any court/tribunal. A responsible officer well
conversant with the case, alongwith government counsel should
always be deputed to represent the government and assist the
court/tribunal on the basis of departmental record and the policy

 See Sl. No. 11 and 11-A 1275
stand taken in the case;
 (b) where a judgment is passed against the government the possibility
of filing an appeal against it should be examined well within time in
consultation with the Law & Justice Division; and
 (c) where a judgment is not desired to be challenged the same should
be implemented forthwith.
 5. The Ministries/Divisions/Departments are requested to strictly comply with
the government instructions referred to above. The government functionaries, found
negligent or responsible for mishandling the cases, should invariably be proceeded
against under the E&D Rules, 1973*
 (Chapter 9, Sl.No.85).
[Authority.- Paras 2 to 5 of Estt. Division O.M.No.1/1/95-Lit.2/Misc. dated 30-8-1995].

___________

* See also Sl. No. 185, Chapter 9. 1276
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS PUBLISHED BY THE
PAKISTAN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION RESEARCH CENTRE
S. No. Publication Price per copy
 (Rs.)
 1. Estacode (Ed. 2007) —
 2. A Compendium of Service Laws and Rules (Ed. 2003). 180/-
 3. The Establishment Manual (Ed. 1992). —
 4. Secretariat Instructions (Ed. 2004). 135/-
 5. A Hand Book for DDOs (Ed. 2001). 275/-
 6. A Manual of TA Rules (Ed. 1995). 50/-
 7. Common Services Manual Vol. I (Ed. 1997). 200/-
 8. Common Services Manual Vol. II (Ed. 2003). 260/-
 9. A Manual of Pension Procedures (Ed. 2006). 145/-
 10. A Guide to Performance Evaluation (Ed. 2004). 120/-
 11. Compendium of Laws Applicable to Federal Government 100/-
 Employees (Ed. 1990).
 12. Compendium of Rules Applicable to Federal Government 130/-
 Employees (Ed. 1992).
 13. A Hand Book on Autonomous Bodies (Ed. 1989). 120/-
 14. Reference Book on Autonomous Bodies (Ed. 1989). 160/-
 15. Government and Administration in Pakistan (Reprint-2003). 800/-
 16. National Strategy for Administration (Reprint-2003). 70/-
 17. Civil Services in Pakistan (Reprint-2003). 110/-
 18. Evolution of Pakistan’s Administrative System (Reprint-2003). 260/-
 19. Operational Elements of Planned Organizational Change; 125/-
 A General Statement.
 20. A Hand Book on Project Management Cycles (Ed. 2001). 150/-
 21. Bibliography Pak. Government and Administration Vol. I-III. 160/-
 22. Bibliography Pak. Government and Administration Vol. III-A. 40/-
 (Ed. 1987).
 23. Bibliography Pak. Government and Administration Vol. IV 50/-
 (Ed. 1983).
 24. Annual Statistical Bulletin of Federal Government Employees 100/-
 as on 1st July, 1999.
 25. Administration Journal (Jan—June, 1988). 50/-
 26. F. G. Civil Servants Census Report 1989. 100/-
 27. Second Census of Employees of Autonomous Bodies/- 100/-
 Corporations.
 28. How to Supervise Workers at Work (Reprint 2006). 135/-
Note.—The above publications are available at the Sales Depot of PPARC,
M. S. Wing, Establishment Division at Community Centre Aabpara,
Islamabad.
PCPPI—999(08)M. S. Wing—23-9-2008—000. 

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