Monday, 12 January 2015

Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan Act 1997

[As Amended Up-to-Date Till 2012]
STATUTORY NOTIFICATION (S.R.O)
Government of Pakistan
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OF PAKISTAN
NOTIFICATION
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY
Islamabad the, December 26, 1998
PART I
Acts, Ordinance, President’s Orders and Regulations
SENATE SECRETARIAT
No. F.9(51)/97-Legis.- The following Act of Majilis-e-Shoora (Parliament) received the
assent of the Acting President on the 19th December, 1997, is hereby published for
general information:-
Act No. XLII of 1997
An Act to provide for the establishment of the Securities and Exchange Commission of
Pakistan and to provide for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.
WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the establishment of the Securities and
Exchange Commission of Pakistan for the beneficial regulation of the capital markets,
superintendence and control of corporate entities and for matters connected therewith and
incidental thereto;
It is hereby enacted as follows:-
 PART I
PRELIMINARY
1. Short title and commencement.
2. Definitions.
PART IITHE COMMISSION
3. Establishment of the Commission.
4. Head Office.
5. The Commissioners
6. The Chairman.
7. Term of office of the Commissioners.
8. Appointment of employees of the Commission.
9. Appointment of advisers and consultants.
10. Delegation of the Commission’s functions or powers.
11. The Commission to furnish information.
PART III
THE BOARD
12. The Securities and Exchange Policy Board.
13. Procedure of the Board.
14. Board may invite others to meetings.
15. Committees of the Board.
PART IV
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
16. Disclosure of interest by Commissioners and Members.
17. Notification of interest by others.
PART V
DISQUALIFICATION, REMOVAL, RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES
18. Disqualification of Members and Commissioners.
19. Removal, resignation and vacancies.
PART VI
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
20. Powers and functions of the Commission.
21. Functions and powers of the Board.
22. Supplementary provisions.
PART VII
FINANCE23. The Fund.
24. Expenditure to be charged on the Fund.
25. Annual report and accounts.
26. Power to obtain finance, borrow money and receive grants.
27. Investment.
28. Bank Accounts.
PART VIII
ENFORCEMENT AND INVESTIGATION
29. Investigation and proceedings by the Commission.
30. Powers of the investigating officers of the Commission.
31. Forcible entry.
32. Power to call for examination.
33. Appeal to the Appellate Bench of the Commission.
34. Appeal to the Court.
PART IX
CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION
35. Obligation of confidentiality.
36. Permitted disclosure.
PART X
COGNIZANCE AND PROSECUTION OF OFFENCES
37. Cognizance of offences.
38. Conduct of prosecution.
PART XI
RULES AND REGULATIONS
39. Power to make rules.
40. Power to make regulations.
40A. Penalty for violation of rules and regulations.
40B. Power of the Commission to issue directives, circulars, guidelines, etc.
PART XII
GENERAL 41. Common seal.
42. Public servants.
43. Abolition of Department of Insurance.
43A. Abolition of Department of Insurance.
44. Savings.
PART I
 PRELIMINARY
1. Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called as the Securities and
Exchange Commission of Pakistan Act, 1997.
(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan.
(3) Save for section 43, the Act shall come into force at once and section 43 shall come
into force on such date as the Federal Government may, by notification in the official
Gazette, appoint.
2. Definitions.- In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or
context,-
(a) “appointed day” means the day on which section 43 comes into force;
(b) “Authority” means the Corporate Law Authority constituted under the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984);
(c) “Board” means the Securities and Exchange Policy Board established under
section 12;
(d) “Chairman” means the Chairman of the Commission;
(e) “civil servant” means a civil servant as defined in section 2 of the Civil
Servants Act, 1973 (LXXI of 1973);
(f) “clearing house” means a clearing house by whatever name or designation
established or arranged to be established by a Stock Exchange for the
registration of dealing in securities or settlement of trading in futures
contracts;
(g) “Commission” means the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
established under section 3; (h) “Commissioner” means a Commissioner of the Commission and shall
include the Chairman thereof;
(i) “committee” means a committee of the Board constituted under section 15;
(j) “dealing in securities” means making or offering to make, whether as
principal or agent, with any person or inducing or attempting to induce
any person to enter into or to offer to enter into-
(i) any agreement for or with a view to acquiring, disposing of,
subscribing for or underwriting securities, or
(ii) any agreement the apparent or ostensible purpose of which is to
secure a profit to any of the parties from the yield of securities or
by reference to fluctuations in the value of securities;
(k) “employee” means any officer or servant of the Commission;
(l) “Fund” means the fund established under section 23;
 [(la) "Law of Insurance" means the Insurance Ordinance, 2000 (XXXIX of 2000)
or any other law in relation to insurance, the administration of which is
vested in the Commission by the Federal Government by notification in
the official Gazette."]1
(m) “Member” means a Member of the Board;
(n) “NBFI” means a non-banking financial institution and includes a
development finance institution, a modaraba, a leasing company, a
housing finance company and an investment bank but shall not include a
banking company as defined in clause (c) of section 5 of the Banking
Companies Ordinance, 1962 (LVII of 1962);
(o) “Ordinance” means the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984);
(p) “private sector person” means a person who is not in the service of Pakistan
or of any statutory body or any body which is owned or controlled by the
Federal Government or a Provincial Government not including a
University or an educational institution;
(q) “regulations” means the regulations made by the Board or the Commission;
and
 (r) “rules” means the rules made by the Federal Government.

1
 Clause (la) inserted by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000
dated October 11, 2000 PART II
 THE COMMISSION
3. Establishment of the Commission.- (1) There is hereby established a Commission
to be called the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan.
(2) The Commission shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common
seal, and may sue and be sued in its own name and, subject to and for the purposes of this
Act, may enter into contracts and may acquire, purchase, take, hold and enjoy movable
and immovable property of every description and may convey, assign, surrender, yield
up, charge, mortgage, demise, reassign, transfer or otherwise dispose of or deal with, any
movable or immovable property or any interest vested in it, upon such terms as it deems
fit.
4. Head Office.- The head office of the Commission shall be in Islamabad. The
Commission may establish and close down offices at such other places in Pakistan as it
considers necessary.
5. The Commissioners.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2), the Commission shall consist
of such number of Commissioners, including the Chairman, appointed by the Federal
Government as may be fixed by the Federal Government but such number shall not be
less than five and more than seven. A Commissioner shall be a person who is known for
his integrity, expertise, experience and eminence in any relevant field, including the
securities market, law, accountancy, economics, finance 2
[, insurance] and industry.
(2) The majority of the Commissioners shall always be of private sector persons.
(3) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Commission shall, in discharge of its
functions and exercise of its powers, conduct its proceedings in accordance with the
regulations made by the 3
[Commission].
4
[(4)] The Commissioners, including the Chairman, shall be paid such remuneration and
allowances as the Commission may, with the approval of the Board, determine.
5
[(5) No act or proceeding of the Commission shall be invalid by reason only of the
existence of a vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of the Commission.]

2
 Comma and word inserted by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000.
3
 Substituted for “Board” by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000.
4
 Sub-section (4) inserted by Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000.
5
 Sub-section (5) inserted by Finance Act, 2003, dated 17 June, 2003. 6. The Chairman.- (1) The Federal Government shall appoint one of the
Commissioners to be the Chairman of the Commission, and no Commissioner shall be
appointed Chairman for more than two consecutive terms.
(2) The Chairman shall be the chief executive officer of the Commission and shall,
together with the other Commissioners, be responsible for the day to day administration
of the affairs of the Commission and shall, subject to the regulations made by the
Commission, be assisted by the other Commissioners in carrying out the functions of the
Commission.
7. Term of office of the Commissioners.- (1) Not less than three of the
Commissioners (excluding the Chairman) first appointed under this Act, to be selected at
random ballot in accordance with such procedure as may be approved by the Board (the
“Term A Commissioners”) shall hold office for a term of two years, shall retire on the
expiration of that term and may be re-appointed for a further term of three years. The
Commissioners, other than the Term A Commissioners (including the Chairman, the
“Term B Commissioners”) shall hold office for a term of three years, shall retire on the
expiration of that term and may be re-appointed for a further term of three years.
(2) At the end of each term, (initial or further) or at the end of the cumulative period of
five years, in the case of the Term A Commissioners, or six years, in the case of the Term
B Commissioners, as provided for under sub-section (1), the relevant number of
Commissioners shall cease to hold office and any vacancy thus arising shall in each case
be filled by the appointment of the requisite number of qualified persons as
Commissioners, each for a term of three years reckoned from the date [of appointment]6
.
At the end of each such three-year term, a Commissioner whose term has expired shall
retire (unless being eligible for re-appointment he is duly re-appointed).
[(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (2),–
(a) a person who, on the date of his appointment is more than sixty-two years
of age, shall not be appointed as a Commissioner; and
(b) a Commissioner shall cease to hold office attaining the age of sixty-five
years.]7
8. Appointment of employees of the Commission.- (1) The Commission may, from
time to time, employ persons to be employees of the Commission who shall be paid such
remuneration and allowances and shall hold their employment on such terms and
conditions as may be determined by the Commission with the approval of the Board.

6
 The words “the vacancy being filled occurred” substituted with “of appointment” through Finance Act,
2008 dated June 27, 2008.
7
 Sub-section (3) inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. (2) The employees of the Commission shall hold office during the pleasure of the
Commission and shall be liable to disciplinary action in accordance with the procedure
laid down by the Commission with the approval of the Board.
9. Appointment of advisers and consultants.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2), the
Commission may, employ and pay consultants and agents and technical, professional and
other advisers including, without limitation, bankers, stock-brokers, surveyors, valuers,
actuaries, accountants, lawyers and other persons to transact any business or to do any act
required to be transacted or done in the exercise of its powers, the performance of its
functions or for the better implementation of the purposes of this Act.
(2) The decision to employ and the terms of employment of external advisers and
consultants shall be made by the Commission in accordance with such policy guidelines
as the Commission may, in consultation with the Board, establish from time to time.
10. Delegation of the Commission’s functions or powers.- (1) The Commission may,
subject to such conditions and limitations as it may deem fit to impose, delegate any of its
functions or powers to one or more Commissioners or any officer of the Commission.
(2) A delegation under this section shall not prevent the concurrent performance or
exercise by the Commission of the functions or powers so delegated.
11. The Commission to furnish information.- The Commission shall furnish to the
Federal Government or the Board such information with respect to the policy it is
pursuing or proposes to pursue in the performance of any of its functions under this Act
as the Federal Government or the Board may, from time to time, require.
PART III
THE BOARD
12. The Securities and Exchange Policy Board.- (1) The Federal Government shall
appoint a Securities and Exchange Policy Board consisting of [nine]8
 Members.
(2) Of the Members-
(a) [five]9
 shall be-

8
 The word “ten” substituted with “nine” through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. Earlier the word
“nine” was substituted by “ten” through Finance Act, 2007. Earlier the word “seven” was substituted by
“nine” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated
October 11, 2000.
9
 The word “six” substituted with “five” through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. Earlier the word
“five” was substituted by “six” through Finance Act, 2007. Earlier the word “four” was substituted by  []10
[(i)]11 ex officio the Secretary to the Government of Pakistan, Finance
Division;
(ii) ex officio the Secretary to the Government of Pakistan, Law
Division;
12[(iia) ex officio Secretary to the Government of Pakistan, Commerce
Division;]
(iii) ex officio the Chairman of the Commission; and
(iv) a Deputy Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan nominated by the
Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan; and
(b) 13[four] appointed by the Federal Government from private sector each of whom is
well-known for his integrity, expertise and experience in the spheres of commerce and
industry (including in particular the securities industry), corporate law, accountancy,
financial services, investment14[, insurance], banking, academia or other related relevant
fields of expertise.
(3) A Member, not being an ex-officio Member, shall hold office for a term of four
years and shall be eligible for re-appointment for one further four-year term but not
more15[:
 Provided that a Member shall cease to hold office on attaining the age of sixty-five
years.]
(4) An ex-officio Member shall hold office as Member till such time as he holds the
office by virtue of which he is a Member and upon his transfer therefrom or retirement,
resignation or removal from office, the person appointed in such Member’s place shall be
the Member.
 “five” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated
October 11, 2000.
10 Sub-clause (i) omitted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. Earlier sub-clause (i) was
inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007. Before omission it read as “(i) ex-officio the
Finace Minister or, in his absence, the Adviser to Prime Minister on Finance, as the case may be;”. 11 Sub-clause (ia) renumbered as sub-clause (i) through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. It was
earlier renumbered from (i) to (ia) through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007.
12 Sub-clause (iia) inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
13 Substituted for “three” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
14 The Comma and word inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
15 Colon substituted for Full stop and proviso inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of
Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000. (5) If an ex-officio Member is absent from Pakistan or is unable to attend a meeting of
the Board he may authorize an officer, not below the rank of Additional Secretary, of his
Division, to act as Member and such officer, if approved by the Board, may act as
Member.
(6) If an ex-officio Member is disqualified to be a Member or resigns his office, the
Federal Government shall,-
(a) in case he is a person referred to in sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (ii) of clause
(a) of sub-section (2), appoint another Secretary as Member, so long such
person holds the post; and
(b) in case of a Deputy Governor appoint another Deputy Governor as Member.
[(7) The Federal Government shall designate one of the Members to be the Chairman of
the Board who shall, in the event of a tie, have a casting vote.]16
13. Procedure of the Board.- (1) The Board shall meet as often as may be necessary
for the performance of its functions but not less than four times in a calendar year.
(2) The quorum for a meeting of the Board shall be four Members, including the
Chairman.
(3) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the procedure and conduct of business of the
Board shall be regulated by the regulations made by the Board.
14. Board may invite others to meetings.- The Board may invite any person to
attend any of its meetings or deliberations (including any of its committees) for the
purpose of advising it on any matter under discussion but any person so attending shall
have no right to participate in any decision or vote at the said meeting or deliberation.
15. Committees of the Board.- (1) The Board may constitute such number of its
committees as it considers necessary or expedient to assist it in the performance of its
functions under this Act.
(2) A committee constituted under this section shall act in accordance with the
regulations made by the Board.

16 Sub-section (7) substituted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008.
Substituted sub-section was inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 27, 2007. Before omission it
read as “(7) The Finance Minister or, as the case may be, the Adviser to Prime Minister on Finance shall
be the Chairman of the Board who shall, in the event of a tie, have a casting vote.” (3) Except as otherwise provided in the regulations made by the Board, the meetings
of a committee shall be held at such times and places as the chairman of the committee
may determine.
(4) The Members, other than ex-officio Members, Commissioners or employees, and
any other person invited to attend any meeting of the Board or a committee shall be
entitled to such compensation and reimbursement of expenses as the Board may from
time to time determine by regulations.
PART IV
 CONFLICT OF INTEREST
16. Disclosure of interest by Commissioners and Members.- (1) For the purpose of
this and the next following section, a person shall be deemed to have an interest in a
matter if he has any interest, pecuniary or otherwise, in such matter which could
reasonably be regarded as giving rise to a conflict between his duty to honestly perform
his functions under this Act and such interest, so that his ability to consider and decide
any question impartially or to give any advice without bias, may reasonably be regarded
as impaired.
(2) A Commissioner or a Member having any interest in any matter to be discussed or
decided by the Commission or the Board or a committee shall, prior to any discussion of
the matter, disclose in writing, respectively, to the Commission, the Board or a
committee, as the case may be, the fact of his interest and the nature thereof.
(3) A disclosure of interest under sub-section (2) shall be recorded in the minutes of the
Commission, the Board, or a committee, as the case may be, prior to any discussion of, or
decision on, the matter and, after the disclosure, the Commissioner or, as the case may be,
the Member-
(a) shall not, save, in the case of Commissioners, as provided in sub-sections (7)
to (9), take part nor be present in any deliberation or decision of the
Commission, the Board or a committee, as the case may be, and
(b) shall be disregarded for the purpose of constitution of a quorum of the
Board, the Commission or a committee, as the case may be.
(4) Any Commissioner, Member or the member of a committee who fails to disclose
his interest as required by this section shall be guilty of an offence and shall on
conviction be liable to imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or a fine
not exceeding one million rupees, or both.
(5) It shall be a valid defence for a person charged with an offence under sub-section
(4), if he proves that he was not aware of the facts constituting the offence and that he exercised due care and diligence in discovering those facts which he ought reasonably to
have known in the circumstances.
(6) Each Commissioner shall give written notice to the Federal Government of all direct
or indirect pecuniary interests that he has or acquires in a body corporate carrying on a
business in Pakistan. The nature of such interests and the particulars thereof shall be
disclosed in the annual report of the Commission made under section 25.
(7) If a Commissioner is not the Chairman and the Chairman becomes aware that a
Commissioner has the interest, the Chairman shall,-
(a) if the Chairman considers that the Commissioner should not take part, or
continue to take part, as the case may require, in determining the matter,
direct the Commissioner accordingly, or
(b) in any other case, cause the Commissioner’s interest to be disclosed to the
persons concerned in the matter (including any person whose application
is pending decision or adjudication by the Commission).
(8) The Commissioner in respect of whom a direction has been given under clause (a)
of sub-section (7) shall comply with the direction.
(9) If the Commissioner is the Chairman, he shall disclose his interest to the persons
concerned in the matter (including any person whose application is pending decision or
adjudication by the Commission).
(10) Subject to sub-section (7), the Chairman or the Commissioner who has any interest
in any matter referred to in this section shall not take part, or continue to take part, as the
case may require, in determining the matter unless everyone concerned in it consents to
the Chairman or, as the case may be, the Commissioner so taking part.
17. Notification of interest by others.- (1) Where a person who, in the course of,-
(a) performing a function, or exercising a power, as a delegate of the
Commission,
(b) performing functions or service as an employee, or
(c) performing a function or services in any capacity by way of assisting or
advising the Commission, the Board, any committee or any delegate of the
Commission,
is required to consider a matter in which he has an interest, such person shall forthwith
give to the Commission a written notice stating that he is required to consider the matter
and has an interest in it and setting out particulars of the interest. (2) The person referred to in sub-section (1) shall also declare his interest in accordance
with the said sub-section whenever it is necessary to avoid the conflict of interest.
PART V
 DISQUALIFICATION, REMOVAL, RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES
18. Disqualification of Members and Commissioners.- No person shall be
appointed or continue as a Member or Commissioner if he-
 (a) has been convicted of an offence involving moral turpitude;
 (b) has been or is adjudged insolvent;
 (c) is incapable of discharging his duties by reasons of physical, physiological
or mental unfitness and has been so declared by a registered medical
practitioner appointed by the Federal Government;
 (d) being a Member, absents himself from three consecutive meetings of the
Board, without leave of the Board and, in the case of a Member ex-officio,
or fails to appoint another person to act as member under sub-section (5) of
section 12, or
 (e) fails to disclose any conflict of interest at or within the time provided for
such disclosure by or under this Act or contravenes any of the provisions of
this Act pertaining to unauthorized disclosure of information.
19. Removal, resignation and vacancies.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2), appointment
of any Member or Commissioner may, at any time, be revoked and he may be removed
from his office by order of the Federal Government if it is found that such person stands
disqualified under section 18.
(2) Unless a disqualification referred to in section 18 arises from the judgment or order
of a court or tribunal of competent jurisdiction under any relevant provision of applicable
law, a Member or Commissioner shall not be removed or his appointment revoked
without an enquiry by an impartial person or body of persons constituted in accordance
with such procedure, as may be prescribed by rules made by the Federal Government,
and such rules shall provide for a reasonable opportunity for him to be heard in his
defence.
(3) A Member or a Commissioner may at any time resign his office by a written notice
addressed to the Federal Government.
(4) The office of a Member or Commissioner shall ipso facto be vacated if he dies. PART VI
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
20. Powers and functions of the Commission.- (1) The Commission shall have all
such powers as may be necessary to perform its duties and functions under this Act.
(2) The Commission may, having regard to its functions and to exercise its powers
efficiently, organize itself into divisions, wings or such other sub-divisions as it may
consider expedient.
(3) The Commission may, from time to time, identify the matters requiring the Board to
make policy decisions and may also make recommendations regarding policy to the
Board for its consideration.
(4) The Commission shall be responsible for the performance of the following
functions:
(a) regulating the issue of securities;
(b) regulating the business in Stock Exchanges [Commodity Exchange]17 and
any other securities markets;
(c) supervising and monitoring the activities of any central depository and Stock
Exchange clearing house;
(d) registering and regulating the working of stock brokers, sub-brokers, share
transfer agents, bankers to an issue, trustees of trust deeds, registrars to an
issue, underwriters, portfolio managers, investment advisers and such other
intermediaries who may be associated with the securities markets in any
manner;
(e) proposing regulations for the registration and regulating the working of
collective investment schemes, including unit trust schemes;
(f) promoting and regulating self-regulatory organizations including securities
industry and related organizations such as Stock Exchanges and associations
of mutual funds, leasing companies and other NBFIs;

17 Comma and word inserted by Finance Act, 2003, dated June 17, 2003. (g) prohibiting fraudulent and unfair trade practices relating to securities
markets;
(h) promoting investors’ education and training of intermediaries of securities
markets;
18[(ha) hearing and deciding investor complaints against persons involved in
brokerage business for violations of securities laws, rules, regulations,
directives, codes, etc;]
(i) conducting investigations in respect of matters related to this Act and the
Ordinance and in particular for the purpose of investigating insider trading
in securities and [initiating action against the]19 offenders;
(j) regulating substantial acquisition of shares and the merger and take-over of
companies;
20(ja) regulating professionals who provide services within the financial services
market;
[(jb) maintaining and issuing panels of auditors from which companies may
appoint auditors, and approving audit firms for financial institutions, listed
companies and NBFIs;]21
(k) calling for information from and undertaking inspections, conducting
inquiries and audits of the Stock Exchanges and intermediaries and selfregulatory
organizations in the securities market;
(l) considering and suggesting reforms of the law relating to companies and
bodies corporate, securities markets, including changes to the constitution,
rules and regulations of companies and bodies corporate, Stock Exchanges
or clearing houses;
(m) encouraging the organized development of the capital market and the
corporate sector in Pakistan;
(n) conducting research in respect of any of the matters set out in this subsection;

(o) performing such functions and exercising such powers of the Authority,
including any powers of the Federal Government delegated to the Authority,

18 Clause (ha) inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008.
19 The word “prosecuting” substituted with the words “initiating action against the” through Finance Act,
2008 dated June 27, 2008.
20 Clause (ja) inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007.
21 Clause (jb) inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. (other than the power to make any rules or regulations) under the provisions
of the Ordinance, 22[the Securities and Exchange Ordinance, 1969 (XVII of
1969), the Modaraba Companies and Modaraba (Floatation and Control)
Ordinance, 1980 (XXXI of 1980)] and under any other law for the time
being in force under which any function or power has been conferred on the
Authority including, but not limited to, the functions and powers set out in
the Schedule to this Act;
(p) performing such functions and exercising such powers (other than the power
to make any rules or regulations) under the Ordinance or any other law for
the time being in force as may, after the commencement of this Act, be
delegated to it by the Federal Government and exercising any power or
performing any functions conferred on it by or under any other law for the
time being in force; 23[ ]
(q) proposing regulations in respect of all or any of the aforesaid matters for the
consideration and approval of the Board24[;]
25[(r) exercising all powers, discharging all duties and performing all functions
assigned to the Commission under, and generally administering, the Law of
Insurance;
(s) ensuring and monitoring compliance by insurers, insurance surveyors and
insurance intermediaries of all laws, rules and regulations pertaining to
insurance for the time being in force;
(t) regulating professional organizations connected with the insurance business;
26[]
(u) encouraging the organized development of the insurance market in Pakistan]
[;]27
28[(v) promoting and regulating development of Private Pension Schemes and
Funfs;] [and]29

22 Words, commas, figures, and brackets inserted through Finance Act, 1999, dated June 30, 1999
23 The word “and” omitted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
24 Substituted the full stop with semicolon through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
25 Clauses (r), (s), (t) and (u) inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
26 The word “and” omitted through Finance Act, 2003 dated June 17, 2003
27 The word “and” omitted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. Earlier semicolon and the word
and “; and” was substituted for full stop through Finance Act, 2003 dated June 17, 2003.
28 Clause (v) inserted through Finance Act, 2003 dated June 17, 2003.
29 The word “and” inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. [(w) promoting and regulating any scheme, fund, arrangement or undertaking
(including but not limited to pension, superannuation gratuity and
provident funds and schemes) established by or on behalf of companies
and state owned corporations as employers, for entitlement of post
employment benefits of their employees.]30
(5) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (4), the approval of the
Commission shall be required by-
(a) all public companies incorporated in Pakistan which intend to issue or offer
for sale securities in markets outside Pakistan or to list such securities on a
Stock Exchange outside Pakistan, in each case, whether directly or through
an intermediary;
(b) all bodies corporate incorporated outside Pakistan which or persons who
intend to issue or offer for sale, securities to the public in Pakistan or to list
such securities on a Stock Exchange; and
(c) all bodies corporate incorporated outside Pakistan which are already listed
on a Stock Exchange, for the listing of and quotation for any additional
securities.
(6) In performing its functions and exercising its powers, the Commission shall strive-
(a) to maintain facilities and improve the performance of companies and of
securities markets, in the interest of commercial certainty, reducing business
costs, and efficiency and development of the economy;
(b) to maintain the confidence of investors in the securities markets by ensuring
adequate protection for such investors;
(c) to achieve uniformity in how it performs those functions and exercise those
powers;
(d) to administer laws effectively but with a minimum of procedural
requirements;
(e) to receive, process, and store, efficiently and quickly, the documents lodged
with, and the information given to, it under this Act, the Ordinance or any
other law;

30 Clause (w) inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. (f) to ensure that the documents, and the information referred to in clause (e)
are available as soon as possible for access by the public; [ ]31
32[(fa) to maintain the confidence of holders of insurance policies by protecting
the interests of policy holders and beneficiaries of insurance policies in all
matters, including assignment of insurance policies, nomination by policy
holders, insurable interest, surrender value of policies of life insurance, and
other terms and conditions of contracts of insurance;
(fb) to improve existing methods and devise new options for the expeditious
settlement of claims and disputes between insurers and policy holders and
between insurers and intermediaries;
(fc) to promote efficiency in the conduct of insurance business;
(fd) to promote the establishment and development of professional and
educational organizations connected with insurance business with a view
to improving the quality of insurance services in the country;
(fe) to promote awareness among consumers with respect to the benefits of
insurance and the existence of measures to safeguard the interests of
mortgagers, mortgagees and potential policy holders; and]
(g) to take whatever action it can take, and is necessary, in order to enforce and
give effect to the Act[, the Ordinance, the Law of Insurance]33 or any other
law.
34[(7) The Commission, and the Commissioner or officer to whom any of the functions
or powers have been delegated under section 10 may, for the purposes of a proceeding or
enquiry, require anyone-
(a) to produce before, and to allow to be examined and kept by, an officer of the
Commission specified in this behalf, any books, accounts or other
documents in the custody or under the control of the person so required,
being documents relating to any matter the examination of which may be
considered necessary by the Commission or such Commissioner or officer;
and

31 The word “and” was omitted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
32 Clauses (fa), (fb), (fc) (fd) and (fe) inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
33 Substituted for “and the Ordinance” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
34 Sub-section (7) inserted through Finance Act, 1999, dated June 30, 1999. (b) to furnish to an officer of the Commission specified in this behalf such
information and documents in his possession relating to any matter as may
be necessary for the purposes of the proceeding or enquiry.]
21. Functions and powers of the Board.- (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the
Board shall-
(a) when so asked to do and after consultation with the Commission, advise the
Federal Government on all matters relating to-
(i) the securities industry 35[and insurance industry];
(ii) regulation of companies and corporate sector and protection of the
interests of investors;
36[(iia) regulation of the insurance sector and protection of the interests of
insurance policy holders;]
(iii) measures to encourage self-regulation by the Stock Exchanges 37[,
insurers, insurance intermediaries, insurance surveyors] and NBFIs
by specifying the standards for such self regulatory organizations;
(iv) measures to promote the development of and to regulate the
securities market 38[and the insurance market]; and
(v) other related matters;
39[(b) consider and approve (with or without modification) any regulations with
respect to implementation of policy decisions, proposed to be made by the
Commission under the Act;]
(c) consider and approve (with or without modification) the budget for each
financial year of the Commission prepared and submitted to it pursuant to
the provisions of sub-section (2) of section 24;

35 The words inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000.
36 Sub-clause (iia) inserted Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000.
37 Comma and words inserted Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000.
38Words inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000
dated October 11, 2000.
39 Clause (b) substituted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000. Before substitution it read as followed:
“(b) consider and approve (with or without modification) any regulations proposed to be made by the
Commission under the Act;”. (d) express its opinion in writing on any policy matter referred to it by the
Federal Government or the Commission;
(e) oversee the performance of the Commission to the extent that the purposes
of this Act are achieved;
(f) exercise all such powers and perform all such functions as are conferred or
assigned to it under this Act; and
(g) specify fees, penalties and other charges chargeable by the Commission for
carrying out the purposes of this Act.
(2) All policy decisions, including any change in previously established policy, in
respect of all and any matters within the jurisdiction of the Commission shall be made
only by the Board. The Board may make policy decisions suo motu or adopt such policy
recommendations of the Commission, with or without modification, as the Board may
deem fit in its sole discretion.
22. Supplementary provisions.- (1) All guidelines, decisions and directives whether of
the Board or the Commission shall be in writing expressed by resolutions, orders or in
such other form as may be appropriate in the circumstances and shall be authenticated in
the manner prescribed by the regulations and where so provided by regulations, also
sealed with the seal of the Commission.
(2) All policy decisions and directives of the Board and the Commission respectively
shall be published in the official Gazette and the Board and the Commission shall make
such publications available to the public.
(3) The Commission shall, in adjudicating upon the rights of any person whose
application on any matter it is required to consider in the exercise of any power or
function under this Act, give the reasons for its decision after giving the person
concerned a personal hearing, in addition to any written applications or submission which
may be required to be made.
(4) The Commission when exercising its powers under this Act shall have regard, so far
as relevant to the circumstances of the particular case, to-
(a) the viability of the company or body corporate;
(b) the quality and capability of the management of the company or body
corporate;
(c) the suitability for listing of the company or body corporate on a Stock
Exchange where applicable; (d) the interest of public investors, existing or potential, in the company or body
corporate;
40[(da) the professional competence and capability of persons engaged in the
provision of services in the insurance industry;
(db) the interest of insurance policy holders, existing or potential, where
applicable;]
(e) any policy decision or directives of the Board; and
(f) the general public interest.
(5) Subject to the compliance of the provisions of sub-section (3), section 24A of the
General Clauses Act, 1897 ( X of 1897), shall apply to any order made or direction given
under this Act.
PART VII
FINANCE
23. The Fund.- (1) There is hereby established, for the purposes of this Act, a Fund to
be administered and controlled by the Commission.
(2) The Fund shall consist of-
(a) such sums as the Federal Government may from time to time, grant;
(b) grants of money and sums borrowed or raised by the Commission for the
purposes of meeting any of its obligations or discharging any of its duties;
41[(c) taxes, fees, penalties or other charges levied under this Act, the
Ordinance, the Securities and Exchange Ordinance, 1969 (XVII of 1969),
the Modaraba Companies and Modaraba (Floatation and Control)
Ordinance, 1980 (XXXI of 1980), 42[Law of Insurance] and under any other
law for the time being administered by the Commission; and]

40 Clauses (da) and (db) inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
41 Clause (c) substituted through Finance Act, 1999 dated June 30, 1999. Clause (c) before substitution read
as follows:
“(c) fees, penalties or other charges levied by the Commission in exercise of its powers under this Act,
and the Ordinance; and” 42 Words inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000. (d) all other sums or property which may in any manner become payable to or
vested in the Commission in respect of any matter incidental to the exercise
of its functions and powers.
(3) It shall be the duty of the Commission to conserve the Fund by performing its
functions and exercising its powers under this Act so as to ensure that the total revenues
of the Commission are sufficient to meet all sums properly chargeable to its revenue
account.
24. Expenditure to be charged on the Fund.- (1) The Fund shall be expended for the
purpose of-
(a) paying any expenditure lawfully incurred by the Commission, including the
remuneration of Commissioners and employees appointed and employed by
the Commission, including provident fund contributions, superannuating
allowances or gratuities and legal fees and costs and other fees and costs;
(b) paying any other expenses, costs or expenditure properly incurred or
accepted by the Commission in the performance of its functions or the
exercise of its powers under this Act;
(c) purchasing or hiring equipment, machinery and any other materials,
acquiring land and erecting buildings, and carrying out any other work and
undertakings in the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers
under this Act;
(d) repaying any financial accommodation received or moneys borrowed under
this Act and the profit, return, mark-up or interest due thereon (howsoever
called); and
(e) generally, paying any expenses for carrying into effect the provisions of this
Act.
(2) Within ninety days of its establishment, the Commission shall prepare and submit to
the Board for its approval, a budget for the period up to and including the end of the then
current financial year and thereafter it shall, not later than thirty days 43[before the expiry]
of each financial year, submit to the Board for approval a budget for the next financial
year.
(3) No expenditure shall be made for which provision has not been made in any
approved budget except if made from any previously approved contingency funds, unless
further approval is sought and obtained from the Board.

43 Substituted for “from the end ” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000. (4) The Commission shall act as the secretariat of the Board and provide all the
necessary facilities to enable the Board to exercise its powers and perform its functions
under this Act and the necessary and proper expenses in that connection shall form part
of the budget of the Commission.
25. Annual report and accounts.- (1) Within ninety days from the end of each
financial year, the Commission shall, in consultation with the Board, cause a report to be
prepared on the activities of the Commission (including investigations and enquiries
made by the Commission under this Act or the Ordinance 44[or the Law of Insurance]
during that financial year and release to the public and simultaneously send a copy of the
report to the Federal Government.
(2) The Commission shall cause proper accounts to be kept and shall as soon as
practicable after the end of each financial year cause to be prepared for that financial year
a statement of accounts of the Commission which shall include a balance sheet and an
account of income and expenditure.
45[(3) The Commission shall cause the statement of accounts to be audited by auditors,
appointed by the Commission with the approval of the Federal Government, who shall be
a firm of chartered accountants. Any casual vacancy in the office of auditor appointed
under this section may be filled in by the Commission.]
(4) The auditors shall make a report to the Federal Government, upon the annual
balance sheet and accounts, and in any such report they shall state whether in their
opinion the balance sheet is a full and fair balance sheet containing all necessary
particulars and properly drawn up so as to exhibit a true and correct view of the affairs of
the Commission and, in case they have called for any explanation or information from the
Commission, whether it has been given and whether it is satisfactory.
(5) The Federal Government may if it deems fit also require the accounts of the
Commission for any financial year to be audited by the Auditor General of Pakistan.
(6) The Board shall, within one hundred and twenty days of the end of each financial
year, together with the annual report of the Commission under sub-section (2), send a
copy of the statement of accounts of the Commission certified by the auditors and a copy
of the auditors' report to the Federal Government which shall cause them to be published
in the official Gazette and laid before both Houses of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)
within two months of their receipt.

44 Words inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance,
2000 dated October 11, 2000
45 Sub-section (3) substituted ” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000. Before substitution it read as follows:
“(3) No expenditure shall be made for which provision has not been made in any approved budget
except if made from any previously approved contingency funds, unless further approval is sought and
obtained from the Board. ” 26. Power to obtain finance, borrow money and receive grants.- (1) The
Commission may, from time to time, and with the approval of the Federal Government,
obtain finance or borrow money from sources within Pakistan or from abroad, as the case
may be, with such rate of return, profit, mark-up or interest payable thereon, as the case
may be, and for such period and upon such terms as to the time and method of repayment
and otherwise, in respect of any sums required by the Commission for meeting any of its
obligations or performing any of its functions.
(2) The Commission may also accept 46[ ] with the approval of the Federal
Government, grants from entities both domestic and international, including multilateral
agencies.
27. Investment.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2), the Commission may, in so far as its
moneys are not required to be expended under this Act, invest in such manner as set out
in section 20 of the Trusts Act, 1882 (11 of 1882).
(2) The Commission shall not invest its money in listed securities or any derivative
thereof whether listed or not.
47[28. Bank Accounts.- The Commission may 48[ ] open and maintain it’s accounts in
rupees or in any foreign currency at such scheduled banks as it may from time to time
determine.]
PART VIII
ENFORCEMENT AND INVESTIGATION
29. Investigation and proceedings by the Commission.-(1) The Commission may suo
motu conduct investigations in respect of any matter that is an offence under this Act
49[or any other law administered by the Commission].
(2) The Commission may appoint such number of investigating officers to be known as
investigating officers of the Commission as it considers necessary for the purposes of
carrying out investigation of any offence or inspection under this Act, the Ordinance or
any other law in respect of which it has been empowered to exercise the powers of the

46 Commas and words “, if so decided by the Board, and” omitted through Securities and Exchange
Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
47 Section 28 substituted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000. Before substitution section 28 read as follows:
“28. Bank Accounts.- The Commission may open and maintain its accounts at such schedule bank as
it may from time to time determine and with the approval of the Board open and maintain account in any
foreign currency.”
48 Commas and words “, with the approval of the Board” omitted through Finance Act, 2003 dated June 17,
2003.
49 Words inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007. Authority and such investigating officer shall have all the powers given to any person for
the purposes of carrying out investigation of any offence under this Act, the Ordinance
and any other law.
30. Powers of the investigating officers of the Commission.- (1) An investigating
officer carrying out an investigation or inspection may, only after the written order of the
Commission signed by any two Commissioners, enter any place or building-
(a) to inspect and make copies of or take extracts from any book, minute book,
register or document; and
(b) where he has reason to believe that an offence has been committed under
this Act or the Ordinance or any other law in respect of which the
Commission has power to make investigation or inspection, to search for,
seize, take possession of and detain any object, article, material, thing,
accounts book or other document, including any travel or other personal
document which may be used as evidence.
(2) When an order has been made under sub-section (1) an investigating officer of the
Commission may, by notice in writing, require any person to produce before him such
books, registers or documents as are in the custody or under the control of that person.
(3) A person who-
(a) fails deliberately to produce any such books, registers or documents as are
required by the Commission or an investigating officer; or
(b) obstructs or hinders an investigating officer while exercising any of the
powers under this section;
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine which may extend
to one million rupees or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one month, or to both.
(4) Any accounts, book or other document seized and taken possession of by the
investigating officer of the Commission under sub-section (1) may be inspected by any
person if such person is entitled to inspect such accounts, book or document under this
Act, and if so authorized to do in writing by the Commission.
(5) Sub-section (1) shall not be construed as limiting or affecting any similar powers
conferred on any person under any other law.
(6) Any person aggrieved by the conduct of an investigating officer may lodge a
complaint in respect thereof to the Commission.
(7) The Commission shall, within fifteen days of receipt of the complaint under subsection
(6) commence a hearing to determine the veracity of such complaint in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by rules made by the Federal
Government.
31. Forcible entry.- (1) For the purpose of exercising his powers under sub-sections (1)
and (2) of section 30, an investigating officer of the Commission may enter any place or
building by force, if necessary.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), no investigating officer of
the Commission shall enter any premises by the use of force without a written order of
the Commission signed by any two Commissioners.
(3) If, on enquiry conducted in accordance with the rules it is found that the exercise by
an investigating officer of his power under sub-section (2) was vexatious, excessive or
with mala fide intent such officer shall be dismissed from service, and shall be guilty of
an offence punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred thousand rupees and
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.
(4) Whenever a criminal court imposes a fine under sub-section (3) it shall, when
passing judgment, order that a sum equal to the whole or any part of the fine recovered,
be paid to the person on whose complaint the investigating officer was convicted, and in
case the fine is not recovered the sum shall be paid out of the Fund.
(5) Any sum paid under sub-section (4) shall be without prejudice to the right of the
aggrieved person to avail any other remedies available to him under the law but at the
time of awarding compensation in any subsequent proceedings relating to the same
matter the court shall take into account any sum recovered from the convict and paid to
the aggrieved person.
32. Power to call for examination.- (1) For the purpose of sub-section (1) of section
29, the Commission may by notice in writing require any person acquainted with the
facts and circumstances of the case to appear before an investigating officer authorized
by it in this regard. Such person shall be examined orally and any statement made by
such person during the course of the examination shall be reduced into writing.
(2) Such person shall be bound to answer all questions relating to such case put to him
by the investigating officer, as the case may be, and to state the truth, whether or not the
statement is made wholly or partly in answer to questions.
(3) Subject to sub-section (4), a statement made by any person under this section shall
be taken down in writing and signed by the person making it or affixed with his signature
and thumb print, as the case may be, after it has been read to him and after he had been
given an opportunity to make any correction he may wish.
(4) Where the person examined refuses to sign and affix his thumb print on the
statement, the investigating officer of the Commission shall endorse thereon under his hand the fact of such refusal and the reason therefor, if any, stated by the person
examined.
(5) Any person who:-
(a) fails to appear before an investigating officer of the Commission as required
under sub-section (1);
(b) refuses to answer any question put to him by an investigating officer of the
Commission as required under sub-section (2); or
(c) knowingly furnishes to an investigating officer of the Commission
information or statement that is false or misleading in any material
particular;
(d) wilfully refuses to obey or disregards any lawful order of the Commission
[under this Act or any other law administered by the Commission]50;
shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one
hundred thousand rupees or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or to
both.
[32A. Implementation of orders of the Commission.—The Commission may issue
such directions as may be necessary or expedient to give effect to its orders or to prevent
abuse of its process, including but not limited to, seeking the assistance of the local
administration or Police who shall be bound to provide such assistance.]51
33. Appeal to the Appellate Bench of the Commission.- 52[(1) Except as otherwise
provided any person aggrieved by an order of the Commission passed by one
Commissioner or an officer authorized in this behalf by the Commission, may within
thirty days of the order, prefer an appeal to an Appellate Bench of the Commission
constituted under sub-section (2)
Provided that no appeal shall lie against ----
(a) an administrative direction given by a Commissioner or an officer of the Commission;
(b) an order passed in exercise of the powers of revision or review;

50 The words inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008.
51 Section 32A inserted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008.
52 Sub-section (1) substituted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007. Before substitution subsection
(1) read as follows:
“(1) An appeal shall lie to an Appellate Bench of the Commission in respect of the of an order of the
Commission made by one Commissioner. The person aggrieved by such order may within thirty days of the
passing of the order prefer an appeal to the Appellate Bench of the Commission.” (c) a sanction provided or decision made by a Commissioner or an officer of the
Commission to commence legal proceedings [ ]53; and
(d) an interim order which does not dispose of the entire matter.]
(2) The Commission shall constitute an Appellate Bench of the Commission
comprising not less than two Commissioners to hear appeals under sub-section (1).
(3) If any Commissioner who is included in the Appellate Bench has participated or
been concerned in the decision being appealed against the Chairman shall nominate an
other Commissioner to sit in the Bench to hear that appeal.
(4) The form in which an appeal is to be filed and the fees to be paid therefor and other
related matters shall be prescribed by rules.
34. Appeal to the Court.- (1) An appeal shall lie to the Court referred to in Part II of
the Ordinance in respect of an order of the Commission comprising two or more
Commissioners or the Appellate Bench.
(2) The appeal under sub-section (1) shall be filed within sixty days of the date of the
decision and shall by accompanied by a fee of one hundred rupees.
PART IX
 CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION
35. Obligation of confidentiality.- (1) Subject to this section, any person who is or was
at any time-
(a) acting as a Member of the Board, or
(b) engaged as a Commissioner or employee of the Commission, or
(c) authorized to perform or exercise any function or power of the Commission
or any function or power on behalf of the Commission or to render services
to the Commission in the capacity of a consultant or adviser;
shall not, except to the extent necessary to perform his official duties, or in performance
or exercise of such a function or power, either directly or indirectly, make a record of, or
disclose to any person, any information that is or was acquired by him because of having
been so appointed, engaged or authorized, or make use of any such information, for any
purpose other than the performance of his official duties or the performance or exercise
of that function or power.

53 The words “in a court of law” omitted through Finance Act, 2008 dated June 27, 2008. (2) Any person who contravenes sub-section (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall
be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one million rupees or to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding one year or, to both.
(3) The Commission shall take all reasonable measures to protect from unauthorized
use or disclosure the information given to it in confidence in or in connection with the
performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers.
(4) For the purpose of sub-section (1) the disclosure of information as required or
permitted by any law for the time being in force in Pakistan or any other jurisdiction shall
be taken to be authorized use and disclosure of the information.
(5) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the disclosure of information by a person for the
purposes of-
(a) performing his functions as-
(i) a Commissioner or employee of the Commission, or
(ii) a person who is acting as a Commissioner or employee or who is
authorized to perform or exercise a function or power of, or on
behalf of, the Commission, or
(b) the performance of functions or service by the person by way of assisting a
Commissioner or a delegate of the Commission,
shall be taken to be authorized use and disclosure of the information.
(6) Where the Chairman is satisfied that particular information-
(a) will enable or assist the Board to perform or exercise any of its functions or
powers;
(b) will enable or assist the government, or an agency of the government to
perform a function or exercise a power; or
(c) will enable or assist the government, or an agency of the government, of a
foreign country to perform a function, or exercise a power, conferred by a
law in force in that foreign country;
the disclosure of the information to such persons by a person whom the Chairman
authorizes for the purpose shall be taken to be authorized use and disclosure of the
information.
(7) The Chairman may impose conditions to be complied with in relation to information
disclosed under sub-section (6). (8) The disclosure of information to a body specified in sub-section (9) is authorized
use and disclosure of the information if:
(a) the Chairman is satisfied that the information will enable or assist the body
to monitor compliance with, enforce, or perform functions or exercise
powers under-
(i) any law for the time being in force;
(ii) the rules and regulations (including the listing rules if any), of the
body; and
(b) the disclosure is made by a person authorized by the Chairman for the
purpose.
(9) A body to whom disclosure of information under sub-section (8) may be authorized
is-
(a) a Stock Exchange; or
(b) a clearing house; or
(c) a central depository; or
(d) such other body corporate as the Federal Government may by notification in
the official Gazette specify for the purposes of this sub-section.
(10) The Chairman may impose conditions to be complied with by the body and its
officers, employees and agents in relation to the information disclosed to it under subsection
(8) and persons in respect of whom conditions are imposed shall be bound to
comply with them.
(11) If information is disclosed to a body under sub-section (8) the body, or any officer,
employee or agent of the body shall not, without the written consent of the Chairman:
(a) disclose the information to a person who is not an officer, employee,
professional adviser or agent of the body corporate; or
(b) use the information otherwise than for the purpose of monitoring compliance
with, enforcing, or performing functions or exercising powers under:
(i) the Ordinance and any other law for the time being in force; or
(ii) the rules and regulations (including the listing rules, if any), of the
body corporate. (12) The Chairman may delegate all or any of his functions and powers under subsections
(6), (7), (8), (10), or (11) to a Commissioner or an employee.
(13) Nothing in any of sub-sections (4), (5), (7) and (8) shall limit:
(a) anything else in any of those sub-sections; or
(b) what may otherwise constitute, for the purposes of sub-section (1),
authorized use or disclosure of information.
36. Permitted disclosure.- Nothing in section 35 shall preclude a person from:
(a) producing a document to a court in the course of criminal proceedings or in
the course of any proceedings under this Act, the Ordinance or any other
law for the time being in force.
(b) disclosing to a court in the course of any proceedings referred to in clause
(a) any matter or thing, that came under his notice in the performance of
official duties or in the performance of a function or the exercise of a
power referred to in that section; or
(c) producing a document or disclosing information to a person to whom, in the
opinion of the Commission, it is in the public interest that the document be
produced or the information be disclosed; or
(d) producing a document or disclosing information that is required or permitted
by any law for the time being in force in Pakistan or any other jurisdiction
to be produced or disclosed, as the case may be; or
(e) producing a document or disclosing information to the Commission.
PART X
 COGNIZANCE AND PROSECUTION OF OFFENCES
37. Cognizance of offences.- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of
Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act No. V of 1898) no court other than the court of session
shall have jurisdiction to try any offence under this Act.
38. Conduct of prosecution.- (1) No prosecution for any offence under this Act against
any person shall be instituted except with the consent in writing of the Commission
signed by any two Commissioners.
(2) Prosecution of any offence under this Act shall be conducted by any officer of the
Commission authorized in writing by the Commission. PART XI
 RULES AND REGULATIONS
39. Power to make rules.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2), the Federal Government may,
by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for all or any of the matters in respect
of which it is required to make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.
(2) The power to make rules conferred by this section shall be subject to the condition
of previous publication and before making any rules the draft thereof shall be published
in the official Gazette for eliciting public opinion thereon within a period of not less than
54[thirty] days from the date of publication.
40. Power to make regulations.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2),-
(i) the Board 55[ ] on the recommendation of the Commission and in
consultation with the Federal Government; and
(ii) the Commission 56[in consultation with] the Board,
may make such regulations as may be required to carry out the purposes of this Act [or
the functions of the Commission specified in sub-section (4) of section 20]57.
(2) The power to make regulations conferred by this section shall be subject to the
condition of previous publication and before making any regulations the draft
thereof shall be published in two newspapers of wide circulation for eliciting
public opinion thereon within a period of not less than 58[thirty] days from the
date of publication.
59[40A. Penalty for violation of rules and regulations. – (1) Any rule made under
section 39 or regulation made under section 40 may provide that a contravention thereof
shall be punishable with a fine which may extend to ten million rupees and, where the
contravention is a continuing one, with a further fine which may extend to one hundred
thousand rupees for every day after the first during which such contravention continues.

54 Substituted for “sixty” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
55 Semicolon and words “; suo motto or” omitted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
56 Substituted for “with the approval of ” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
57 Words inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007.
58 Substituted for “sixty” through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000.
59 Section 40A and 40B inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007. (2) A fine under sub-section (1) shall be imposed by the Commission after providing a
reasonable opportunity of being heard to the party;
40B. Power of the Commission to issue directives, circulars, guidelines, etc. – The
Commission shall have the power to issue such directives, Codes, guidelines, circulars or
notifications as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act, the rules and
regulations made thereunder and all laws administered by it.]
PART XII
 GENERAL
41. Common seal.- The Commission shall have a common seal and such seal shall be
kept in the custody of the Chairman or such other person as may be authorized by the
regulations made by the Commission. Documents required or permitted to be executed
under seal shall be specified in and authenticated in such manner as shall be authorized
by regulations made by the Board.
42. Public servants.- (1) The Members, Commissioners, employees and other persons
authorized to perform or exercise any function or power under this Act or rendering
services to Commission as consultant or adviser shall be deemed to be public servants
within the meaning of section 21 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 (Act XLV of 1860).
(2) Save as otherwise provided by this Act and only for the purposes so provided,
nothing herein contained shall be construed to mean that any person referred to in subsection
(1) is or shall be deemed to be in the service of Pakistan or is to be regarded or
treated as a civil servant.
60[42A. Indemnity – No suit, prosecutions or other legal proceedings shall lie against the
Commission, Commissioners, officers, members and officer or any employee of the
Commission for anything done in good faith or intended to be done in pursuance of this
Act or any administered legislation or any rule or regulation made thereunder.]
43. Dissolution of the Authority.- The Authority is hereby dissolved and at all times
thereafter,-
(a) section 11 and sub-section (3) to (7) (inclusive) of section 12 of the
Ordinance shall stand repealed and except as hereinafter provided, all
references to the Authority appearing in the Ordinance and any other law
for the time being in force shall be deemed to mean and refer to the
Commission;

60 Section 42A inserted through Finance Act, 2007 dated June 30, 2007. 61[(b) the rules under the Ordinance or under any other law for the time being in
force being administered by the Commission shall be made by the
Commission with the approval of the Federal Government];
(c) save as otherwise provided in clause (b), all powers exercisable by the
Federal Government under any provisions of the Ordinance or any other
law for the time being in force, which immediately before the appointed
day had been delegated to the Authority, shall be exercised by the
Commission;
(d) all assets, rights, powers, authorities and privileges and all property,
movable and immovable, cash and bank balance, reserve funds,
investments and all other interests and rights in, or arising out of, such
property and all debts, liabilities and obligations of whatever kind of the
Authority subsisting immediately before its dissolution shall stand
transferred to and vest in the Commission;
(e) no officer, employee, servant, or any other person holding any post in
connection with the affairs of the Authority, shall have any right or lien to
appointment to any post in the Commission;
(f) any person referred to in clause (e) who is appointed by the Commission
shall have the option either to remain a civil servant or to be an employee
of the Commission. The option once exercised shall be irrevocable;
(g) in the event of a person referred to in clause (e) opting to be an employee of
the Commission, he shall cease to be a civil servant for all purpose and
shall be entitled to such remuneration, allowances and other terms and
conditions of employment as are applicable to the employees of the
Commission. For the service rendered in the Authority such person shall
be entitled to such benefits including the transfer of benefits to the
Commission as may be prescribed by the rules. But, in the event of such a
person opting to remain as a civil servant, he shall be entitled to the same
remuneration, allowances and other rights and privileges as are admissible
to civil servants but, in other respects such as organizational structure,
right to promotion and discipline, he shall be subject to the regulations
made by the Commission, and for the period he served the Commission,
the Commission shall contribute to the pension, gratuity and final payment
of provident fund in accordance with the rules.
(h) a person referred to in clause (e) who is not appointed by the Commission
shall continue to draw his pay, allowances privileges or other benefits as
he was drawing while holding the post in the Authority and unless sooner

61 Clause (b) substituted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000. Before substitution it read as follows:
“(b) the power to make rules and regulations under the Ordinance, shall be exercised by the Board;” he is appointed by the Federal Government to another post or otherwise
ceases to remain in Government service on account of retirement,
dismissal, removal, discharge from service or in any other manner
applicable to a civil servant, the cost for paying salary, allowance and
other benefits to such person shall be borne by the Commission.
(i) save as otherwise provided in clauses (e) and (h), all debts and obligations
incurred or contracts entered into or rights acquired and all matters and
things engaged to be done by, with or for the Authority before the
appointed day shall be deemed to have been incurred, entered into,
acquired or engaged to be done by, with or for the Commission, as the
case may be; and
(j) all suits and other legal proceedings instituted by or against the Authority
before the appointed day shall be deemed to be suits and proceedings by
or against the Commission as the case may be and may proceed and be
dealt with accordingly.
62[43A. Abolition of Department of Insurance.- (1) As from the appointed date-
 (a) the Department of Insurance shall stand abolished;
(b) no officer, employee, servant, or any other person holding any post in
connection with the affairs of the Department of Insurance, shall have any
right or lien to appointment to any post in the Commission.
(c) any person referred to in clause (b) who is appointed by the Commission
shall have the option either to remain a civil servant or to be an employee
of the commission and the option once exercised shall be irrevocable.
(d) in the event of a person referred to in clause (b) opting to be an employee of
the commission, he shall cease to be a civil servant for purposes and shall
be entitled to such remuneration, allowance and other terms and
conditions of employment as are applicable to the employees of the
Commission. For the service rendered in the Department of Insurance
such person shall be entitled to such benefits including the transfer of
benefits to the Commission as may be prescribed by the rules. But, in the
event of such a person opting to remain as a civil servant , he shall be
entitled to the same remuneration, allowances and other rights and
privileges as are admissible to civil servants but, in other respects such as
organizational structure, right to seniority, promotion and discipline, he
shall be subject to the regulations made by the Commission, the
Commission shall contribute to the pension, gratuity and final payment of
provident fund in accordance with the rules;

62 Section 43A inserted through Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2000 dated October 11, 2000 (e) a person referred to in clause (b) who is not appointed by the commission
shall continue to draw his pay, allowances privileges or other benefits as
he was drawing while holding the post in the Department of Insurance and
unless sooner he is appointed by the Federal Government to another post
or otherwise ceases to remain in Government service on account of
retirement, dismissal, removal, discharge from service or in any other
manner applicable to a civil servant, the cost for paying salary, allowances
and other benefits to such person shall be borne by the Commission;
(f) save as otherwise provided in this Act, all debts and obligations incurred or
contracts entered into or rights acquired and all matters and things
engaged to be done by, with or for the Federal Government under or
pursuant to the Law of Insurance before the appointed date shall be
deemed to have been incurred, entered into acquired or engaged to be
done by, with or for the Commission, as the case may be; and
(g) all suits and other legal proceedings instituted by or against the Federal
Government under, or pursuant to, the Law of Insurance before the
appointed date shall be deemed to be suits and proceedings by, or against,
the commission as the case may be and may be proceeded with and be
dealt with accordingly.]
44. Savings.- Save as otherwise provided in this Act, nothing in this Act shall affect or
be deemed to affect any thing done, action taken, investigation or proceedings
commenced, order, rule, regulation, appointment, document, or agreement made, fee
directed, resolution passed, direction given, proceedings taken, or instrument executed or
issued under or pursuant to any law amended or repealed by this Act and any such thing,
action, investigation, proceedings, order, rule, regulation, appointment, document,
agreement, fee, resolution, direction, proceedings or instrument shall, if in force at the
commencement date and not inconsistent with any of the provisions of this Act, continue
in force and have effect as if it had been respectively done, taken, commenced, made,
directed, passed, given, executed or issued under this Act or the law as amended by this
Act.
45. Act to override other laws.- The provisions of this Act shall have effect
notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time
being in force. THE SCHEDULE
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS CONFERRED ON THE AUTHORITY UNDER
THE ORDINANCE TO BE EXERCISED BY THE COMMISSION
(See clause (o) of sub-section (4) of section 20)
1. To call for any information, document etc. for purposes of any proceeding or
inquiry (section 12(4) of the Ordinance).
2. To allow alteration in the Memorandum of Association (section 21 of the
Ordinance).
3. To decide whether a name of a company is appropriate and permissible (section
37 of the Ordinance).
4. To grant licence to an association not for profit to be registered as a company
(section 42 of the Ordinance).
5. To accord approval for conversion of a public company into a private company
(section 44 of the Ordinance).
6. Approval of prospectus (section 57 of the Ordinance).
7. To allow issue of securities outside Pakistan (section 62A of the Ordinance).
8. To specify minimum amount of shares to be applied for and the form of
application for shares (section 67 of the Ordinance).
9. To prescribe maximum rate of commission on issue of shares (section 82 of the
Ordinance).
10. To sanction issue of shares at discount (section 84 of the Ordinance).
11. To grant extension in time for holding AGM in the case of listed companies
(section 158 of the Ordinance).
12. To allow a company to make a loan to a director (section 195 of the Ordinance).
13. To grant exemption for appointment of managing agent and to approve
appointment of sole sale/purchase/distribution agents (section 206 of the
Ordinance). 14. To recover tenderable gains (section 224 of the Ordinance).
15. To prescribe cost accounting records for manufacturing companies (section 230 of
the Ordinance).
16. To extend period for laying annual accounts in the AGM by listed companies
(section 233 of the Ordinance).
17. To direct a change in financial year of holding companies and their subsidiaries
(section 238 of the Ordinance).
18. To call for additional statements of accounts from companies (section 246 of the
Ordinance).
19. To appoint auditors in certain cases (section 252(6) of the Ordinance).
20. To conduct investigation into the affairs of the companies (sections 263 and 265
of the Ordinance).
21. To prosecute a company or person found guilty as a consequence of investigation
(sections 270 and 271 of the Ordinance).
22. To appoint administrator (section 295 of the Ordinance).
23. To make application to the Court for winding up a company (section 309 of the
Ordinance).
24. To recommend a panel of persons to the Court for appointment as official
liquidator (section 321 of the Ordinance).
25. To order restoration of the names of defunct companies (section 439(9) of the
Ordinance).
26. To exercise similar powers in the case of foreign companies (section 457 of the
Ordinance).
27. To accord special permission to take over original documents from custody of
Registrar (section 467 of the Ordinance).
28. To prescribe additional fees for filing of documents (section 469 of the
Ordinance).
29. To force companies to comply with the provisions of the Ordinance (section 472
of the Ordinance).
30. To impose fine as penalty (section 476 of the Ordinance).
31. To hear appeals against the orders of Registrar (section 477 of the Ordinance).
32. To exercise powers of court in relation to enquiries and proceedings (section 478
of the Ordinance).
33. To direct appearance of officers of companies (section 479 of the Ordinance).
34. To apply amount of fine towards payments of costs, compensations, etc. (section
483 of the Ordinance).
35. To hear revision petition against the orders of Registrar, etc. (section 484 of the
Ordinance).
36. To grant relief in certain cases (section 488 of the Ordinance).
37. To impose penalty for wrongful withholding of company profit (section 493 of
the Ordinance).
38. To impose penalty for non-compliance with directions (section 495 of the
Ordinance).

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Regards,
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Corporate Lawyer
+92-333-5339880

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